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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (8) : 1159-1174     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01159
Meta-Analysis |
Association between empathy and prosocial behavior: A systematic review and meta-analysis
DING Fengqin; LU Zhaohui
(School of Education, Ningxia University, Yinchuan 750021, China)
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Abstract  

A meta-analysis was conducted to explore the relationship between empathy and prosocial behavior, and the factors affecting this relationship. Through literature retrieval, 76 cases and 77 independent effect sizes together with 20352 participants which met the inclusion criteria of meta-analysis were selected. Heterogeneity test indicated that random effects model was appropriate for the meta-analysis. The result of funnel plot and Egger’s intercept illustrated that there was not publication bias. Main-effect test findings demonstrated that empathy was significantly associated with prosocial behavior (r = 0.38, p < 0.001). The moderator analysis revealed that empathy measurement tools and participants’ age moderated the relationship between empathy and prosocial behavior but the culture background had no moderate effect.

Keywords empathy      prosocial behavior      meta-analysis      moderate effect     
Corresponding Authors: DING Fengqin, E-mail: dingfqin@nxu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 August 2016
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DING Fengqin,LU Zhaohui. Association between empathy and prosocial behavior: A systematic review and meta-analysis[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(8): 1159-1174.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01159     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I8/1159
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