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Advances in Psychological Science    2016, Vol. 24 Issue (4) : 573-590     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00573
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Emotional disorders and their interventions: #br# A perspective of mental imagery
WANG Ming; JIANG Guangrong
(School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (Ministry of Education); Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China)
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Abstract  

Abnormal mental imagery is a common phenomenon across many emotional disorders. From a perspective of mental imagery, many researchers tried to understand the psychopathology of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive mood, emotions of bipolar disorder, and social anxiety. Empirical research mainly focused on two typical symptoms, which were flashbacks in PTSD and overgeneral memory, and emphasized on the functions of mental imagery in maintenance of emotional symptoms. Overall, three types of pathogenic factors of emotional disorders were underlined, including abnormal processing in memory formation and retrieval, negative reinforcement of cognitive and behavioral protective strategies, and cognitive biases toward events and self. Existing interventions and trainings targeting or using mental imagery can be divided into four categories: reducing negative images, changing contents of negative images, enhancing ability of positive images, and increasing concreteness of memory. Future directions include further analysis on the functions of intrusive imagery, exploration of the relevant psychopathology models, and expanding studies on intervention and training.

Keywords mental imagery      emotional disorders      psychopathology      intervention and training     
Corresponding Authors: JIANG Guangrong, E-mail: grjiang@yeah.net   
Issue Date: 15 April 2016
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WANG Ming,JIANG Guangrong. Emotional disorders and their interventions: #br# A perspective of mental imagery[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2016, 24(4): 573-590.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00573     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2016/V24/I4/573
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