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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (9) : 1627-1636     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01627
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The Double-edged Effect and Mechanism of Time Pressure
LI Aimei; YAN Liang; WANG Xiaotian; MA Xueqian; LI Fangjun
(Management School, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China)
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Abstract  

Time pressure has been identified as a pervasive societal problem. Researchers have been studying its influence on individuals for decades. Earlier researches concentrated mainly on the negative consequences of time pressure. Recently, however, many studies have revealed the motivating effects of it. This paper introduced the concept and measurement of time pressure and summarized its detrimental effects and motivating effects. The attentional focus model, activation theory, vitamin model and the challenge-hindrance model were used to explain the mechanism of the double-edged effect of time pressure. Future researches should have more concern on: (1) Examining the time pressure in different domains (working and nonworking) based on mental accounting theory of time; (2) The motivational and affective mechanisms underlying the positive effects of time pressure; (3) Exploring personal and situational factors which might alleviate the detrimental effects of time pressure.

Keywords time pressure      the double-edged effect      detrimental effect      motivating effect      the challenge- hindrance model     
Corresponding Authors: LI Aimei, E-mail: tliaim@jnu.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 September 2015
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LI Aimei
YAN Liang
WANG Xiaotian
MA Xueqian
LI Fangjun
Cite this article:   
LI Aimei,YAN Liang,WANG Xiaotian, et al. The Double-edged Effect and Mechanism of Time Pressure[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(9): 1627-1636.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01627     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I9/1627
[1] LI Aimei; RONG Kaixi; GAO Jieyi; TAN Fei; PENG Yuan. “Putting a price on time”: Conception, Consequences and Its Psychological Mechanism[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(10): 1679-1687.
[2] ZOU Ji-Lin;ZHOU Ren-Lai;ZHANG Huan;ZHANG Xiao-Cong;LUO Xin-Yu. Emotional Memory Trade-offs Effect: Memory for Complicated Emotional Stimuli[J]. , 2011, 19(10): 1460-1470.
[3] WANG Hui;SHI Wei. Time Issues in Negotiation[J]. , 2008, 16(05): 810-814.
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