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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (9) : 1550-1559     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01550
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Skill or Style: Two Approaches to Measure Individual Differences on Rational Thinking
FENG Xue; PENG Kaiping
(Department of Psychology, School of Social Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China)
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Abstract  

Based on the literature review on rational thinking, the current article examined two different approaches to measure rational thinking, and discussed the relationships between these two. One approach to measure rational thinking is to define the rational thinking as a thinking skill on which people adapt different strategies to respond to difference situation tasks. The other approach is to define it as a thinking style, measured usually by self-report scales to evaluate individual chronic and stable tendency. We proposed a theoretical model to synthesize the differences between these two approaches, suggesting the rational thinking style mediates the relationship between cognitive ability and rational thinking skill. That is to say, cognitive ability could predicts the performance of heuristic and thinking bias tasks only for individuals with high rational thinking style.

Keywords rational thinking skill      rational thinking style      heuristic and thinking bias      individual difference     
Corresponding Authors: PENG Kaiping, E-mail: pengkp@tsinghua.edu.cn   
Issue Date: 15 September 2015
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Cite this article:   
FENG Xue,PENG Kaiping. Skill or Style: Two Approaches to Measure Individual Differences on Rational Thinking[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(9): 1550-1559.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01550     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I9/1550
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