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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (8) : 1371-1379     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01371
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Developmental Reversals in False Memory: Why the More Grown up the More Fallible?
JIANG Ronghuan; LI Xiaodong
(Normal College, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China)
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Abstract  

The developmental reversal of false memory refers to the phenomenon that under certain circumstance the false memory increases with age (e.g. DRM Paradigm).Fuzzy-trace theory believes that such phenomenon is caused by the growing ability of gist memories and the unavailability of the verbatim memories in memory tasks. However, the associative-activation theory suggests that such phenomenon should be attributed to the continually maturing automatic associative activation. Both theories are supported by a large number of empirical evidences. Yet no unanimous conclusion was achieved so far. Previous studies indicated that the development of false memory was related to a variety of cognitive functions; moreover, it is related to some high-level cognitive process based on memory and semantic. Further studies should rectify the developmental model of false memory, and extend its application.

Keywords false memory      fuzzy-trace theory      associative-activation theory      development reversal     
Corresponding Authors: LI Xiaodong, E-mail: lxd_psy@163.com   
Issue Date: 15 August 2015
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JIANG Ronghuan,LI Xiaodong. Developmental Reversals in False Memory: Why the More Grown up the More Fallible?[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(8): 1371-1379.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01371     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I8/1371
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[4] Dong Changfeng,Zhang Jijia. The Effect Of Repetition On Accurate And False Memories[J]. , 2003, 11(05): 500-504.
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