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Advances in Psychological Science    2015, Vol. 23 Issue (1) : 93-100     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00093
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Self-Objectification: Effects on Women's Mental Health and Hypothesized Mechanisms
ZHENG Panpan; LYU Zhenyong; Todd JACKSON
(Faculty of Psychological Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
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Abstract  

From a socio-cultural perspective, sexual objectification theory implicates experiences of gender-role socialization and sexual objectification as key influences on the development of mental health problems. Self-objectified women come to treat themselves as objects to be looked upon and continually evaluated based on their physical appearance which they perceive to fall short of internalized, culturally- prescribed ideals. This discrepancy results in body shame, anxiety, reduced flow experiences and lower internal bodily awareness, and ultimately leads to mental health problems, such as eating disorders, depression, sexual dysfunction and substance abuse. Recent research has demonstrated robust correlations between self-objectification and mental health problems in women and has generated hypotheses about underlying mechanisms. However, future research is needed to assess generalizability to culturally-diverse samples, assess causal relations via experimental manipulations of central constructs, and investigate neural correlates using neuroimaging technology. In addition, strategies aiming to reduce self-objectification should be evaluated to prevent and treat consequences of sexual objectification.

Keywords sexual objectification      self-objectification      women’s mental health     
Corresponding Authors: Todd Jackson, E-mail: toddjackson@hotmail.com   
Issue Date: 15 January 2015
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ZHENG Panpan
LYU Zhenyong
Todd JACKSON
Cite this article:   
ZHENG Panpan,LYU Zhenyong,Todd JACKSON. Self-Objectification: Effects on Women's Mental Health and Hypothesized Mechanisms[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(1): 93-100.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.00093     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2015/V23/I1/93
[1] Sun Qingqing;ZHENG Lijun;ZHENG Yong. Sexual Objectification and Women’s Self-objectification[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(10): 1794-1802.
[2] ZHANG Chun-Yu;WEI Jia;LUO Yu;CHEN Xie-Ping;ZHANG Jin-Fu. Review On Gay Men’ Body Image: What and Why[J]. , 2012, 20(3): 394-402.
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