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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (12) : 1837-1854     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01837
Special Column for Decision-making Psychology |
An Overview of Judgment and Decision Making Research Through the Lens of Fuzzy Trace Theory
Roni Setton; Evan Wilhelms; Becky Weldon; Christina Chick; Valerie Reyna
(Departments of Human Development and Psychology, Human Neuroscience Institute, Center for Behavioral Economics and Decision Research, Cornell University, USA)
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Abstract  

We present the basic tenets of fuzzy trace theory, a comprehensive theory of memory, judgment, and decision making that is grounded in research on how information is stored as knowledge, mentally represented, retrieved from storage, and processed. In doing so, we highlight how it is distinguished from traditional models of decision making in that gist reasoning plays a central role. The theory also distinguishes advanced intuition from primitive impulsivity. It predicts that different sorts of errors occur with respect to each component of judgment and decision making: background knowledge, representation, retrieval, and processing. Classic errors in the judgment and decision making literature, such as risky-choice framing and the conjunction fallacy, are accounted for by fuzzy trace theory and new results generated by the theory contradict traditional approaches. We also describe how developmental changes in brain and behavior offer crucial insight into adult cognitive processing. Research investigating brain and behavior in developing and special populations supports fuzzy trace theory’s predictions about reliance on gist processing.

Keywords decision making      fuzzy trace theory      risk      rationality      neuroscience      development     
Corresponding Authors: Valerie Reyna   
Issue Date: 15 December 2014
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Roni Setton
Evan Wilhelms
Becky Weldon
Christina Chick
Valerie Reyna
Cite this article:   
Roni Setton,Evan Wilhelms,Becky Weldon, et al. An Overview of Judgment and Decision Making Research Through the Lens of Fuzzy Trace Theory[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(12): 1837-1854.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01837     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I12/1837
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