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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (3) : 530-539     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00530
Research Methods |
Analyzing Multilevel Mediation Using Multilevel Structural Equation Models
FANG Jie;WEN Zhonglin;ZHANG Minqiang;REN Hao
(1 School of Humanities and Communication, Guangdong University of Finance & Economics, Guangzhou 510320, China) (2 Center for Studies of Psychological Application & School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
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Abstract  

In recent years, multilevel models (MLM) have been frequently used for studying multilevel mediation in social sciences. However, there still exist sampling errors and measurement errors even after separating the between-group effects from the within-group ones of multilevel mediation. To solve this problem, a new method has been developed abroad by integrating MLM with structural equation models (SEM) under the framework of multilevel structural equation models (MSEM) to set latent variables and multiple indicators. That method has proved to rectify sampling errors and measurement errors effectively and obtain more accurate mediating effect values. And it is applicable to a larger variety of multilevel mediation analysis and able to provide fit indices of the models. After introducing the new method, we proposed a procedure for analyzing multilevel mediation by using MSEM, with an example illustrating how to execute it with the software MPLUS. Directions for future study on multilevel mediation and MSEM were discussed at the end of the paper.

Keywords structural equation      multilevel model      mediation      sampling error      measurement error     
Corresponding Authors: FANG Jie   
Issue Date: 15 March 2014
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FANG Jie
WEN Zhonglin
ZHANG Minqiang
REN Hao
Cite this article:   
FANG Jie,WEN Zhonglin,ZHANG Minqiang, et al. Analyzing Multilevel Mediation Using Multilevel Structural Equation Models[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(3): 530-539.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00530     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I3/530
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