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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (1) : 139-149     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00139
Regular Articles |
The Theoretical Development and Comparison of Power: From the Perspective of Social Psychology
WANG Xue;CAI Wei;SUN Jiaqing;WU Song;FENG Ziqi;JIN Shenghua
(1 School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University; Institute of Personality and Social Psychology, Beijing 100875, China) (2 Institute of Developmental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China) (3 School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China)
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Abstract  

As one of the fundamental characteristics of human society, power has been paid attention by social psychologists for a long time. Power was converted from a structural concept to a psychological one. As a psychological concept, power, whose core element is the sense of control, can be implicit or explicit. In the field of social psychology, three most representative theories of power are “the approach/inhibition theory” “the situated focus theory” and “the social distance theory”, which have distinctive theoretical bases but common predictions. Further researches on power can be improved in the following aspects, including 1) distinguishing social and personal power, 2) considering how culture, motivation and self-involvement moderate power effects, 3) integrating viewpoints from different perspectives, and 4) enriching research methods of power.

Keywords power      the approach/inhibition theory of power      the situated focus theory of power      the social distance theory of power     
Corresponding Authors: JIN Shenghua   
Issue Date: 15 January 2014
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WANG Xue
CAI Wei
SUN Jiaqing
WU Song
FENG Ziqi
JIN Shenghua
Cite this article:   
WANG Xue,CAI Wei,SUN Jiaqing, et al. The Theoretical Development and Comparison of Power: From the Perspective of Social Psychology[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(1): 139-149.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00139     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I1/139
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