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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (1) : 122-129     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00122
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The Effects of Leaders’ Affect: An Integrative Perspective Based on Multi-level Theories
WANG Zhen;CHEN Leni
School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
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Abstract  

Leaders’ affect influences subordinates’ performance and team performance. However, the mechanisms for effect of leaders’ affect are not clear. Drawing on affective events theory and emotional contagion theory, this paper develops a multi-level theoretical model to explain effect of leaders’ affect at different levels. Firstly, at the individual level, leaders’ affect influences subordinates’ performance through subordinates’ affect. In particular, emotional contagion and leader behaviors account for the relationship between leaders’ affect and followers’ affect. Secondly, at the team level, individuals’ affect converge and form group affective tone through emotional contagion processes. Group affective tone in turn influences team process and thereafter shapes team performance. Implications and future research directions are discussed.

Keywords leaders&rsquo      affect      affective event theory      emotional contagion      group affective tone     
Corresponding Authors: WANG Zhen   
Issue Date: 15 January 2014
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WANG Zhen
CHEN Leni
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WANG Zhen,CHEN Leni. The Effects of Leaders’ Affect: An Integrative Perspective Based on Multi-level Theories[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2014, 22(1): 122-129.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00122     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I1/122
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