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Advances in Psychological Science    2014, Vol. 22 Issue (1) : 57-66     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00057
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Cognitive Neuromechanisms of Optimism Bias
TENG Zhaojun;LIU Yanling;LIU Yong;ZHAI Rui
(1 Research Center of Mental Health Education & Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China) (2 Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation of Ministry of Education & School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China) (3 School of Education, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China) (4 Law School of Southwest University Science and Tenchnology, Mianyang 621010, China)
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Abstract  

Optimism bias is the tendency for individuals to believe that his or her chances of experiencing a positive event were higher or a negative event were lower than that to one's peers (Weinstein, 1980). The main behavior paradigm of exploring optimism bias contained social comparative paradigm, past-future imaging and information updating task. Researches by fMRI showed that the neural mechanisms of optimistic bias were associated with rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC), amygdala, prefrontal cortex (PFC)and dopamine system. Considering the paradigm of optimism bias, we could combine social comparative paradigm to information updating task for exploring it; the cognitive mechnisms of optimism bias will be researched by ERP method particllarly; and the brain region mediating subtype of optimism bias will also be clarified; and then the neural mechnism of mental health impacted by optimism bias will be demonstrated, in future direction.

Keywords optimism bias      paradigm      cognitive mechanism      neural mechanism     
Corresponding Authors: LIU Yanling;ZHAI Rui   
Issue Date: 15 January 2014
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. Cognitive Neuromechanisms of Optimism Bias[J]. Advances in Psychological Science,2014, 22(1): 57-66.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00057     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2014/V22/I1/57
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