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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (12) : 2245-2255     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.02245
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Whether Lower Social Class Individuals are More Likely to Believe the Social System to be Justified
YANG Shenlong;GUO Yongyu;LI Jing
(School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, and Hubei Human Development and Mental Health Key Laboratory, Wuhan 430079, China)
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Social class is a context rooted in both the material substance of social life (income, education, occupation status) and the individual’s construal of his or her class rank. Academics hold different ideas on the question that how lower social class individuals consider the social system. The system justification theory points out lower-class individuals consider the social system as justified more often than the higher. The social dominance theory and the social cognitive perspective, however, hold that lower-class individuals are more likely to be dissatisfied with the social system compared to the higher-class. Both of these opposing views have been supported by relevant studies. Individual factors, social properties and the relationship between an individual and society may moderate this process. Moreover, several researches show that the relation between social class and system justification may be nonlinear. The future research can be based on nonlinear hypothesis, and should deeply explore this question in term of concept identification, theory integration and research methods.

Keywords social class      social system      social justification theory      social dominance theory      social class from a social cognitive perspective     
Corresponding Authors: GUO Yongyu   
Issue Date: 15 December 2013
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YANG Shenlong
GUO Yongyu
LI Jing
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YANG Shenlong,GUO Yongyu,LI Jing. Whether Lower Social Class Individuals are More Likely to Believe the Social System to be Justified[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(12): 2245-2255.
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[1] Rong GUO, Xinyuan FU. Social class signs and their effects on interpersonal social interactions[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2019, 27(7): 1268-1274.
[2] GUO Yongyu; YANG Shenlong; LI Jing; HU Xiaoyong. Social Fairness Researches in Perspectives of Social Class Psychology[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2015, 23(8): 1299-1311.
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