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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (12) : 2204-2213     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.02204
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The Self-evaluation Bias in Rating One’s Ability: The Dunning-Kruger Effect
CHEN Yanjun;SHI Wei;YING Hu
(School of Culture and Social Development Studies, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China)
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Abstract  

The Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people mistakenly evaluate their ability in a given task. This is especially true for unskilled individuals, who often overestimate their ability, and sometimes even falsely rate their ability much higher than average. On the other hand, more competent individuals often underestimate themselves. For unskilled performers, the inability to recognize their incompetence is due to the metacognition deficiency, while for the most competent performers, the false-consensus effect makes them unable to perceive their ability precisely. Different explanations for this phenomenon have been given from different perspectives, such as regression to the mean and better-than-average heuristic, nature of the task and motivational factors. Besides, factors like egocentric nature, anchoring and insufficient adjustment heuristic, social feedback, and chronic self-concept may also affect one’s self-evaluation. The future research about Dunning-Kruger effect should focus more on research scope, experimental paradigm, error control, cultural difference, its influence on psychological adaption and performance, and so on.

Keywords The Dunning-Kruger effect      ability      self-evaluation bias      meta-cognition     
Corresponding Authors: SHI Wei   
Issue Date: 15 December 2013
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CHEN Yanjun
SHI Wei
YING Hu
Cite this article:   
CHEN Yanjun,SHI Wei,YING Hu. The Self-evaluation Bias in Rating One’s Ability: The Dunning-Kruger Effect[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(12): 2204-2213.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.02204     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2013/V21/I12/2204
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