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Advances in Psychological Science    2012, Vol. 20 Issue (12) : 1991-2000     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01991
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Social Competence: Concepts and Theoretical Models
ZHANG Jing;TIAN Lu-Mei;ZHANG Wen-Xin
(School of Psychology, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014, China)
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Abstract  Despite of the long-standing tradition of research, researchers disagree with each other on the nature of social competence, and hence a unified definition of the social competence has not been reached even until present. At least three approaches to defining social competence can be discerned in literature, including the skill-approach, the outcome-approach and the integrated approach, respectively. Based upon these conceptualizations, especially the integrated approach, several theoretical models of social competence have been proposed in extant literature, including the component models, the process models, the prism model and so on. This paper first reviewed these major conceptualizations and related theoretical models, and then proposed an integrative view of social competence. Possible cultural differences in social competence from this integrative view are also discussed.
Keywords social competence      the integrated approach      the prism model     
Corresponding Authors: ZHANG Wen-Xin   
Issue Date: 15 December 2012
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ZHANG Jing
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ZHANG Jing,TIAN Lu-Mei,ZHANG Wen-Xin. Social Competence: Concepts and Theoretical Models[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(12): 1991-2000.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01991     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2012/V20/I12/1991
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