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Advances in Psychological Science    2013, Vol. 21 Issue (9) : 1617-1628     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01617
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The Heritability of Self-esteem: Evidences from Twin Studies
LUO Yu;SHI Yuanyuan;YUE Xitong;FENG Yi;CAI Huajian
(Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
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Abstract  As an important aspect of individual difference, self-esteem has attracted increasing attentions from behavioral genetic scientists. In this paper, we reviewed twin studies on self-esteem and found that: 1) self-esteem is moderately heritable, though non-shared environmental factors also make a difference; 2) the stability of self-esteem is largely genetically determined; 3) the associations between self-esteem and cognition as well as affect are mainly genetically caused. Together, genetic influences on self-esteem are essential. Future twin study may pay more attention to the heritability of self-esteem fluctuation and implicit self-esteem on one hand, and the specificity of people from extreme sub-groups and those from different cultures on the other hand.
Keywords self-esteem      behavioral genetics      twin study      global self-esteem      domain-specific self-esteem     
Corresponding Authors: CAI Huajian   
Issue Date: 15 September 2013
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LUO Yu
SHI Yuanyuan
YUE Xitong
FENG Yi
CAI Huajian
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LUO Yu,SHI Yuanyuan,YUE Xitong, et al. The Heritability of Self-esteem: Evidences from Twin Studies[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2013, 21(9): 1617-1628.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01617     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2013/V21/I9/1617
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