ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

• •    

人们如何设想未来:未来情景思维对个体心理和行为的影响

卢蕾安1,任俊2   

  1. 1. 浙江师范大学
    2. 浙江师范大学教育学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-09 修回日期:2021-01-04 发布日期:2021-01-11
  • 通讯作者: 任俊
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金“十三五”规划2017年度教育学一般课题“基于积极心理学理念的积极教育”

How people imagine the future:The effect of episodic future thinking on individual’s psychology and behavior

  • Received:2020-07-09 Revised:2021-01-04 Published:2021-01-11
  • Contact: Ren Jun

摘要: 未来情景思维(Episodic Future Thinking, EFT)主要指人们基于当前情景或过去经历来思考、想象未来的过程,是人们对于未来的一种设想。论文根据已有的行为实验和神经影像学等多个方面的研究结果,系统论述了未来情景思维的概念和特征,以及个体过去的生活经历及相应记忆和个体生活目标对其的影响,通过概括和分析行为和脑神经两方面的证据来论述未来情景思维会对人们具体生活实践产生积极与消极的双向影响。当然,未来还需要进一步加强未来情景思维研究的广度和深度,特别是要细化未来情景思维的类型,探讨未来情景思维可能导致的不适应行为以及影响个体心理和行为的作用机制,从而为人们如何更积极地适应未来提供更充分的实证证据和理论构想。

关键词: 未来情景思维, 积极偏向, 延迟折扣, 社会折扣

Abstract: Episodic Future Thinking (EFT) mainly refers to the process of thinking and imagining future based on the current moment or the past experience, which is conceive of the future. Based on the results of behavioral and neuroimaging studies, this paper systematically discusses the concept and characteristics of EFT, the individual's past life experience and the corresponding memory as well as the individual life goal’s influence to it. Through summarizing and analyzing the evidence of behavior and brain, it discusses the positive and negative influence of EFT to people's life practice.Of course, there is still a need to further strengthen the breadth and depth of research on EFT, especially to refine the types of EFT, further explore the EFT may lead to maladaptive behavior and the effect of individual psychology and behavior mechanism, thus for people how to adapt to the future more actively to provide more sufficient empirical evidence and theoretical ideas.

Key words: Episodic Future Thinking, Positive bias, Delay discounting, Social discounting