ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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成熟对青春期型反社会行为的影响

林爽1,刘文1,王薇薇2,3,张雪1   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学心理学院
    2.
    3. 辽宁师范大学
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-07 修回日期:2020-10-03 出版日期:2021-01-11 发布日期:2021-01-11
  • 通讯作者: 刘文
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金重大项目

The Influence of Maturity on Adolescence Limited Antisocial Behavior

1, 1,1, 1   

  • Received:2020-07-07 Revised:2020-10-03 Online:2021-01-11 Published:2021-01-11

摘要: Moffitt的反社会行为发展理论将反社会行为分为两种类型,即终身型和青春期型,其中,青春期型反社会行为在青少年群体中发生的频率更高,它一般在青春期早期产生,在青春期晚期或成年期早期结束,青春期个体的发育成熟会对青春期型反社会行为产生影响。成熟对青春期反社会行为的影响主要包括生理成熟或心理成熟的单独影响和共同影响。生理成熟、心理成熟、生理成熟与心理成熟的交互作用、生理成熟与心理成熟之间的成熟差距均从不同角度解释了青春期型反社会行为的产生、发展和停止。未来研究还需就拓展不同类型成熟的研究、改进成熟度的计算方法、结合青少年成熟特点进行针对性干预等方面进行更多的尝试和探索。

关键词: 成熟, 青春期型反社会行为, 生理成熟, 心理成熟, 成熟差距

Abstract: Moffitt’s developmental taxonomy theory had divided antisocial behavior into two types, namely the life-course persistent(LCP) and adolescence limited(AL). Among them, adolescence limited antisocial behavior occurs more often in youth groups, it usually produced in the early puberty, and ends in late adolescence or early adulthood. Individual maturity will affect adolescence limited antisocial behavior. Physiological maturity or psychological maturity can affect both individually and jointly to adolescence limited antisocial behavior. Specifically, biological mature, social mature, the interaction of biological mature and social mature, the maturity gap of biological mature and social mature all explain the emergence, development and cessation of adolescence limited antisocial behavior from different perspectives. In the future, more efforts should be made to expand different types of maturity research, improve the calculation methods of maturity, and conduct targeted intervention based on adolescent maturity characteristics.

Key words: Maturity, Adolescence Limited Antisocial Behavior, Physiological maturity, Psychological Maturity, Maturity Gap