ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

• •    

竞赛压力、注意控制与注意控制关系的理论演进

孙国晓1,张力为2   

  1. 1. 山东大学
    2. 北京体育大学运动心理学教研室
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-23 修回日期:2020-11-24 发布日期:2021-01-11
  • 通讯作者: 张力为
  • 基金资助:
    竞赛压力与注意控制的理论演进与发展;山东大学青年学者未来计划项目

Theory evolution of the relationship between competitive pressure and attentional control

  • Received:2020-09-23 Revised:2020-11-24 Published:2021-01-11
  • Contact: ZHANG Li-Wei

摘要: 竞赛压力及其引发的紧张焦虑对运动员的竞技状态有重要影响。注意控制理论(ACT)从注意控制角度解释焦虑如何影响操作表现。阐述了ACT的历史演变过程和基本假设,梳理了ACT在运动领域的适用性检验和基于ACT的拓展研究,引出了ACT的发展理论——运动注意控制理论,进而分析了其与挑战-威胁生物心理社会模型、自我控制力量模型的整合链接点,提出了“压力-资源-注意控制整合模型”,以更好地理解竞赛压力、注意控制与运动表现之间的关系。

关键词: 注意控制理论, 挑战-威胁生物心理社会模型, 自我控制的力量模型, 竞赛压力, 运动表现

Abstract: Competition pressure and anxiety have a significant impact on athletes’ performance. Attentional control theory (ACT) explains how anxiety affects performance from the perspective of attentional control. This paper unfolded the evolution and development of ACT. We first reviewed the historical evolution of ACT from the cognitive interference theory and processing efficiency theory, and introduced its basic assumptions. Second, we described the emperical research examining the hypotheses of ACT in sports field, and the extended research based on these hyptheses. Third, we introduced the developmental theory of ACT - attentional control theory: sport. We finally analyzed its interlinkage with the biopsychosocial model of challege and threat and the strength model of self-control, and proposed a “pressure-resource-attention control integration model”. The integration model will benefit a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between competitive pressure, attentional control and sports performance.

Key words: attentional control theory, biopsychosocial model of challege and threat, the strength model of self-control, competitive pressure, sports performance