ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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面孔社会知觉中的表情效应

李雅宁1,2,田杨阳3,吴琦4,冷海州1,蒋重清1,杨伊生2   

  1. 1. 辽宁师范大学心理学院
    2. 内蒙古师范大学
    3. 辽宁师范大学
    4. 辽宁师范大学教育学院心理系
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-11 修回日期:2020-10-14 发布日期:2020-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 蒋重清
  • 基金资助:
    情绪启动与语义启动的发展认知神经机制比较

Effect of Expression on Social Perceptions of Faces

  1. 1.
    2. College of Psychology Liaoning Normal University
    3. Inner Mongolia Normal University
  • Received:2020-04-11 Revised:2020-10-14 Published:2020-12-30
  • Contact: Zhong-Qing Jiang

摘要: 面孔社会知觉指知觉者基于面孔所有者的面孔信息对面孔所有者的人格特质等进行知觉推断的过程。表情是人们进行面孔社会知觉的关键线索之一。表情可以单独通过本身的局部特征和结构信息影响面孔社会知觉,还可以结合表情对知觉者的情绪诱发或表情传达的行为倾向性来影响面孔社会知觉的结果。考虑到现实生活中多种表情类型的组合及特定表情(伪装表情)高频出现以及知觉者判断人格特质存在主观性,未来研究要加强多种表情类型对面孔社会知觉的影响研究,还要进一步将知觉者因素作为未来研究的变量。

关键词: 面孔社会知觉, 面部表情, 结构特征, 情绪诱发, 行为倾向性

Abstract: Social perceptions of faces refers to the process in which the perceiver makes perceptual inferences about the personality traits of the face owner based on the face information of the face owner. Facial expression is one of the key cues for social perceptions of faces. Facial expressions can affect social perceptions of faces solely through their own local features and structural information, and can also influence the outcome of social perceptions of faces by combining emotional induction to the perceiver or behavioral tendency conveyed by facial expressions. Considering the high frequency of the combination of multiple expression types and specific expressions (fake emotion) in real life and the subjective nature of personality traits judged by perceiators, future studies should strengthen the research on the influence of multiple expression types on social perceptions of faces, and further take the perceptor factor as a variable in future studies.

Key words: social perceptions of faces, facial expressions, structural informantion or local feature, emotional induction, behavioral tendency