ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

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  1. 1. 北京科技大学
    2. 北京科技大学经济管理学院
    3. 中国政法大学
    4. 东北农业大学
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-26 修回日期:2020-11-14 出版日期:2020-12-30 发布日期:2020-12-30
  • 通讯作者: 赵景
  • 基金资助:

How can empowerment be activated?The formation mechanism of leader empowering behavior

  • Received:2020-03-26 Revised:2020-11-14 Online:2020-12-30 Published:2020-12-30

摘要: 领导授权行为通常被视为一种积极的领导行为类型。组织中管理者在授权实施过程中扮演着重要角色,然而管理者出于维护威权等目的,不想赋予员工自主权或相应资源的现象大量存在。鉴于此,越来越多的学者开始探索领导授权行为的影响因素,但目前研究较为零散,亟待整合。首先,对领导授权行为的概念与层次进行了清晰界定;其次,基于相关研究从环境因素、领导者因素以及员工因素梳理了领导授权行为的影响因素与相关理论;再次,基于领导成员交换理论、信任理论、社会认知理论与授权风险视角梳理了领导授权行为的形成机制。最后,基于情境领导理论、CIP领导模型(魅力型-意识形态型-务实型)以及追随理论,提出了领导授权行为影响因素的未来研究方向。

关键词: 领导授权行为, 自主性, 情境领导理论, 追随理论

Abstract: Empowering leadership is a generally regarded as a positive leadership style. Managers play an important role in the process of implementing empowerment in organizations. However, for purposes of maintaining authorities and other reasons, it is common that managers are unwilling to authorize autonomy and provide relevant resources to their subordinates. There has been increasing scholarly interest in exploring the antecedents of leader empowering behaviors. However, extant studies remain sporadic and fragmented. The development of this line of research will be benefited from an integrated review. In this study, we first clarify the definition and conceptual levels of leader empowering behavior. Second, we summarize the antecedents and theories of empowering leadership from the aspects of context, leader and employee. Third, based on the leader-member exchange theory, trust theory, social cognition theory and empowering risk perspective, we clarify the formation mechanism of empowering leader behavior. Finally, building on contextual leadership theory, charismatic, ideological and pragmatic (CIP) model of leadership, and followership theory, future implications are provided.

Key words: leader empowering behavior, autonomy, contextual leadership theory, followership theory