ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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手机分心对行人过街中信息加工及行为的影响

汪钰涵1,马国杰2,庄想灵1   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学
    2. 陕西师范大学心理学院
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-01 修回日期:2020-08-11 出版日期:2020-11-18 发布日期:2020-11-18
  • 通讯作者: 庄想灵
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目

The Effect of Cell Phone Distraction on Pedestrians’ Information Processing and Behavior During Road Crossing

  • Received:2020-06-01 Revised:2020-08-11 Online:2020-11-18 Published:2020-11-18

摘要: 行人过街时,因使用手机而造成的伤亡事故持续增长。本文梳理并评估了过街时使用手机对行人信息加工、行为及安全的影响。结果表明:使用手机的行人,在场景知觉阶段注意范围更狭窄,在外周视野的注意力明显下降;过街决策阶段,更容易错过过街机会或做出更有风险的决策;运动控制阶段,使用手机会改变行人步态,降低其动作稳定性。综合以上,手机分心提升了行人过街风险,更容易造成过街事故。最后,本文建立手机分心对行人过街中信息加工及行为影响的概念模型,基于该模型,未来研究应评估手机分心如何影响行人听觉信息的获取,以及更详细地评估手机分心如何影响过街中间隔接受决策的子过程,从而为后期有针对性地干预提供理论基础。

关键词: 信息加工, 分心, 智能手机, 行人, 交通安全

Abstract: The proportion of pedestrian casualties involving mobile phones use while crossing road keep increasing. This paper reviewed recent studies on how mobile phone distraction affected pedestrian information processing and behavior process. Compared with non-distracted pedestrians, using a cellphone leads to a narrower scope of attention (esp. the peripheral visual field), making it more difficult to perceive visual and auditory cues in traffic scenes. They are also more likely to miss street crossing opportunities or make risky decisions. As for the motor control ability, using cell phone also led to altered gait patterns and declined action stability. Therefore, the distraction of mobile phones increases the risk of pedestrians crossing the street and is more likely to cause crossing accidents. To integrate these findings, this paper proposed a conceptual model of the effect of mobile phone distraction on pedestrians ’information processing and behavior. Based on the model, we highlighted research needs on how mobile phone distraction affects pedestrian auditory information perception, and its impacts on sub processes within gap acceptance decision making as to develop targeted interventions.

Key words: Information Processing, Distraction, Smart Phones, Pedestrian, Transportation Safety