ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

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化危为机:青少年学校转折期的过渡

柴晓运1,林丹华2   

  1. 1. 湖北医药学院
    2. 北京师范大学心理学院发展心理研究所
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-07 修回日期:2020-07-17 出版日期:2020-11-09 发布日期:2020-11-09
  • 通讯作者: 林丹华
  • 基金资助:
    湖北医药学院人才启动基金计划项目

School transition during adolescence: Turning Crisis into Opportunity

  • Received:2020-05-07 Revised:2020-07-17 Online:2020-11-09 Published:2020-11-09

摘要: 从生命历程的角度看,学校过渡是青少年成长过程中的重要发展转折点,对个体的发展轨迹具有重要影响。先前研究多基于缺陷的视角,将学校过渡视为充满挑战和风险的时期,并发现青少年在这一时期伴随着各种消极的发展结果。但从青少年积极发展的视角来看,学校过渡可能是青少年获得适应性的、健康发展的重要机遇,也是发展可塑性表现最为充分的时期。如果青少年的内部和外部资源能够很好的融合,他们就有可能获得积极的学校过渡。

关键词: 青少年, 学校过渡, 转折点, 积极发展

Abstract: From the perspective of life course, school transition in adolescent development is considered as a key turning point, which may alter individual developmental trajectory. Based on the deficit view, previous studies suggested that most adolescents were at risk, beset by all kinds of challenges and may experience a variety of negative developmental outcomes during the transition. Drawing on the positive youth development approach, however, the transition period may be an important opportunity for adolescents to achieve adaptive and healthy development, and it is also the period in which the development plasticity is most fully manifested. Along this line, if adolescents’ internal and external assets are well integrated, they may get a positive school transition.

Key words: adolescence, school transition, turning point, positive development