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心理科学进展  2020, Vol. 28 Issue (3): 476-485    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00476
  研究前沿 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
父子(女)间面孔相似性的进化适应机制及其影响
于全磊1,2,3,陈建文4,谭秀娟5,6,邓雪菲4,赵庆柏3(),周治金3()
1 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079
2 中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心华中师范大学分中心, 武汉 430079
3 华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079
4 华中科技大学教育科学研究院, 武汉 430074
5 山西师范大学教育科学学院, 临汾 041000
6 天津师范大学心理学部, 天津 300387
Father-child facial resemblance as a mechanism for evolutionary adaptation and its impacts
Quanlei YU1,2,3,Jianwen CHEN4,Xiujuan TAN5,6,Xuefei DENG4,Qingbai ZHAO3(),Zhijin ZHOU3()
1 Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Wuhan 430079, China
2 Central China Normal University Branch, Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality, Wuhan 430079, China
3 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China
4 Graduate School of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
5 School of Educational Science, Shanxi Normal University, Linfen 041000, China
6 Faculty of Psychology, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
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摘要 

由于受精和孕育过程发生在母亲体内, 人类受孕具有一定的隐蔽性, 同时人类早期社会存在着通奸行为, 因而, 父亲面临着父亲身份不确定性的风险。为了应对这种风险, 人类男性在生活中往往会寻求一些能表征父亲身份的线索, 其中亲子间面孔相似性被证明是辨别个体间是否存在基因关联(或血缘关系)的有效线索之一。morph软件合成、第三方评定以及当事人的主观评定是研究亲子间面孔相似性的三种基本范式。以往的研究表明当父子(女)间面孔相似性越高时, 父亲对子女的亲子投资水平越高, 父亲感知到的焦虑水平越低, 父亲的身体也越健康, 与此同时, 当父子(女)间面孔相似性越高时, 父亲对女儿会表现出更高的性厌恶水平。未来的研究可以进一步关注文化因素在该效应中的调节作用, 探寻新的研究范式以提高研究的内部效度和外部效度, 以及探讨影响亲子间面孔相似性感知的因素。

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于全磊
陈建文
谭秀娟
邓雪菲
赵庆柏
周治金
关键词 父子(女)间面孔相似性父亲身份不确定性亲子投资文化性别    
Abstract

Due to the characteristics of internal fertilization, human fertilization, to a certain extent, is concealed. Meanwhile, adultery existed in early human society. Therefore, males suffer from the uncertainty that their putative children may not be their biological offspring, which is paternal uncertainty. To cope with this uncertainty, males are unconsciously looking for cues that might indicate a genetic similarity between them and their offspring. Among these cues, the facial resemblance is one of the indirect ways that males could infer if there is a biological connection in terms of fatherhood. Three methods are there to measure facial resemblance, including morph software synthesis, third-party rating, and self-rating. Previous studies have shown that the more similar the facial characteristics between a father and his offspring are, the more paternal resources the father would be willing to invest during parenthood. The less anxious and healthier a father is during parenthood, the higher sexual aversion a father would experience in the relationship with their children. The present research suggested three directions for future studies. First, it is valuable to look at the cultural differences in the impacts of father-child facial resemblance. Second, in order to enhance its internal and external validity, future work can adopt new methods to assess the father-child facial resemblance. Last, it would be an exciting direction to explore the relationship between the subjective assessments and the objective assessments of father-child facial resemblance.

Key wordsparent-child facial resemblance    uncertainty of paternity    parental investment    culture    gender
收稿日期: 2019-05-10      出版日期: 2020-01-18
基金资助:* 中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心重大成果培育型项目(2019-04-019-BZPK01);中国基础教育质量监测协同创新中心重大成果培育型项目(2018-04-013-BZPK01);教育部人文社会科学重点项目(14JJD190003);教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(16JJD880007);中国博士后基金(2019M652679);青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室开放课题(2018B01)
通讯作者: 赵庆柏,周治金     E-mail: zqbznr@mail.ccnu.edu.cn;zhouzj@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
于全磊,陈建文,谭秀娟,邓雪菲,赵庆柏,周治金. (2020). 父子(女)间面孔相似性的进化适应机制及其影响. 心理科学进展, 28(3), 476-485.
Quanlei YU,Jianwen CHEN,Xiujuan TAN,Xuefei DENG,Qingbai ZHAO,Zhijin ZHOU. (2020). Father-child facial resemblance as a mechanism for evolutionary adaptation and its impacts. Advances in Psychological Science, 28(3), 476-485.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00476      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2020/V28/I3/476
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