ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 275-283.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00275

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

体像障碍的认知机制及治疗

尹倩兰, 陈艾彬, 邓光辉()   

  1. 海军军医大学心理系海军航空及特种作战心理学教研室, 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-21 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 邓光辉 E-mail:pro17501689461@163.com

Cognitive mechanism and treatment for body dysmorphic disorder

YIN Qianlan, CHEN Aibin, DENG Guanghui()   

  1. Department of Naval Aviation & Operational Psychology, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-03-21 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Guanghui DENG E-mail:pro17501689461@163.com

摘要:

体像障碍是一种对想象的或轻微外表缺陷的先占观念, 这种先占观念给个体带来极大的痛苦。其负性的自我认知框架, 影响个体对信息的选择、组织及评估。因此结合心理实验范式和神经生理综合分析体像障碍的认知过程, 对深化体像障碍认知机制和优化其认知行为治疗具有重要意义。

关键词: 体像障碍, 认知特征, 神经生理, 认知行为治疗

Abstract:

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a preoccupation with imaginary or slight physical defects. It is characterized by a negative self-cognitive framework, affecting the individual's choice of information, organization, and evaluation. The results showed that BDD patients have special characteristics in cognitive processes, including local processing advantages, attention bias, interpretation bias, memory bias. These biases are mainly derived from abnormally cognitive information processing and the changes of the neural circuits. Besides, targeted at these abnormalities, cognitive behavioral therapies have a certain positive effect. However, BDD is a relatively common underlying psychological disorder, yet studies for BDD are still in the infancy compared to other psychiatric studies. Therefore, further analyses of the cognitive process of BDD combined with psychological experimental paradigm and neurophysiology are of great significance for the deepening of its cognitive mechanism and improving cognitive behavioral therapies.

Key words: body dysmorphic disorder, cognitive characteristics, neurophysiology, cognitive behaviour therapy

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