ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 150-160.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00150

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于认知机制的有条件自动驾驶接管中的人因问题

马舒, 章薇, 史金磊, 杨振()   

  1. 浙江理工大学心理学系, 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-20 出版日期:2020-01-15 发布日期:2019-11-21
  • 通讯作者: 杨振 E-mail:yangzhen@zstu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    浙江理工大学科研启动基金(11432932618304)

The human factors of the take-over process in conditional automated driving based on cognitive mechanism

MA Shu, ZHANG Wei, SHI Jinlei, YANG Zhen()   

  1. Psychology Department, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2019-04-20 Online:2020-01-15 Published:2019-11-21
  • Contact: Zhen YANG E-mail:yangzhen@zstu.edu.cn

摘要:

自动驾驶能在很大程度上缓解现代交通问题并提升驾驶舒适度。有条件自动驾驶下, 驾驶员可执行非驾驶相关任务但需要在系统无法处理的状况下接管车辆。在这一关键过程中, 驾驶员需要进行注意转换并获得情境意识以成功接管。已有研究表明, 接管请求、非驾驶相关任务、驾驶情景及驾驶员因素是影响接管过程重要因素。未来可从认知机制角度研究各因素对接管过程产生的影响, 以及探究接管过程中各因素之间可能存在的交互作用。

关键词: 自动驾驶, 接管过程, 注意, 情境意识

Abstract:

Automated driving can largely reduce modern traffic problems and improve driving comfort. During conditional automated driving (Level 3), drivers are allowed to engage in non-driving related tasks but need to take over the vehicle timely once the system reached its limitation. In this critical process, drivers have to shift their attention and acquire situational awareness in order to take over successfully. Existing studies have shown that take-over requests, non-driving related tasks, driving situations and driver-related factors were all critical factors in the take-over process. In the future, we can investigate the cognitive mechanism of the influence of various factors on the take-over process and explore possible interactions between these factors.

Key words: automated driving, take-over process, attention, situation awareness

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