ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 560-570.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.00560

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    


 路 红1,2;  张心园1,2;  韦文琦1,2;  刘 毅1   

  1.  (1广州大学心理系; 2广州大学教育学院脑与认知科学中心, 广州 510006)
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-27 出版日期:2018-03-15 发布日期:2018-01-31
  • 通讯作者: 路红, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

 The influence of spatial physical order on psychology and behavior

 LU Hong1,2; ZHANG Xinyuan1,2; WEI Wenqi1,2; LIU Yi1   

  1.  (1 Department of Psychology, Guangzhou University; 2 Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences in Education School, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)
  • Received:2016-12-27 Online:2018-03-15 Published:2018-01-31
  • Contact: LU Hong, E-mail: E-mail:E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  物理秩序是人类对周围事物有序性的整体感知, 空间物理秩序是其中一类, 是指事物与该空间(二维或三维)内其他物体的位置根据一定模式或规律决定。空间物理秩序普遍存在于人类社会中, 广泛地影响着人们的心理与行为, 现有的研究成果主要揭示了其对刻板印象及个体决策的影响, 还包括对道德规范行为、违法行为以及其它日常生活行为的影响。研究归纳了空间物理秩序对人类认知及行为影响的理论, 并对现有的实证研究成果进行了提炼总结。未来应通过更严谨的实验研究验证并丰富物理秩序对认知与行为影响的理论, 扩展影响后果的研究范围, 从而拓宽其在实务领域的应用范围。

关键词: 空间物理秩序, 目标框架理论, 结构化需求, “世界是随机的”模型, 具身认知

Abstract:   Physical order refers to the overall perception of orderliness of things around us. Spatial physical order is one of its dimensions, indicating the relative position of objects within this space as determined by certain patterns or rules. Spatial physical order influences human psychology and behavior, such as stereotypes and decision-making as well as on ethical behavior, illegal behavior and routine behavior. This paper summarizes the theories of spatial physical order on human cognition and behavior, and reviews some empirical studies. A promising direction for the future research would be to enrich the related theories and improve reliability of experiments. In the end, we discuss the effect of physical order in practice.

Key words: spatial physical order, goal-framing theory, personal-need-for-structure, World-is-random Model, embodied cognition