ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (01): 106-113.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

评价恐惧理论及相关研究述评

刘洋; 张大均   

  1. 西南大学心理健康教育研究中心暨教育科学研究所, 重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-21 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-01-15 发布日期:2010-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 张大均

On Theory of Fear of Evaluation and Its Relative Research

LIU Yang; ZHANG Da-Jun   

  1. Research Centre of Mental Health Education and Institute of Educational Research, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2009-05-21 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-01-15 Published:2010-01-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Da-Jun

摘要: 社交焦虑认知行为模型将负面评价恐惧作为社交焦虑的核心特征, Weeks和Heimberg提出评价恐惧概念并认为, 无论是正面评价恐惧还是负面评价恐惧, 都是社交焦虑的核心特征。Watson和Friend提出负面评价恐惧至今已有40年, 负面评价恐惧的测量工具、遗传特质、注意偏向及其在学习等领域中的应用已有相关研究。而正面评价恐惧的研究才刚刚开展。评价恐惧测量工具的完善、研究内容的拓展、临床干预的充实、跨文化研究的加强等都是未来的研究方向。

关键词: 社交焦虑认知行为模型, 评价恐惧, 负面评价恐惧, 正面评价恐惧

Abstract: Cognitive-behavioral models of social anxiety propose that fear of negative evaluation is the core feature of social anxiety. However, Weeks and Heimberg propose that fear of evaluation is the core feature of social anxiety, whether it is negative or positive. It has been 40 years since fear of negative evaluation was proposed by Watson and Friend, and there are many relative researches during these years, including measurement tools, heredity traits, attention deviation and its application in some areas such as studying, while research on fear of positive evaluation just begins. And measurement tools, cognitive features, clinical interventions on fear of evaluation and research in China are all the new research directions in the future.

Key words: cognitive-behavioral model of social anxiety, fear of evaluation, fear of negative evaluation, fear of positive evaluation