ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (01): 75-83.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

代数应用题视觉化表征的理论模型及影响因素

赖颖慧; 陈英和   

  1. 北京师范大学发展心理研究所, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2009-05-15 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2010-01-15 发布日期:2010-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 陈英和

The Models and Influencing Factors of Visualization Representations for Algebra Story Problems

LAI Ying-Hui, CHEN Ying-He   

  1. Institution of Development Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875
  • Received:2009-05-15 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2010-01-15 Published:2010-01-15
  • Contact: CHEN Ying-He

摘要: 视觉化表征是代数应用题表征的一大类型, 在问题解决过程中起着重要作用。视觉化表征的理论主要有视觉-逻辑二维模型、理解-转换模型、表象表征理论和图式-图像表征论, 四种理论模型各有其特殊的方法学意义。代数应用题的视觉化表征主要受到题目视觉化程度和认知负载等刺激因素以及自我效能感等认知因素的影响, 最后, 本文指出了在代数应用题视觉化表征理论、研究方法和影响因素探索中的进步以及发展空间。

关键词: 代数应用题, 视觉化表征, 表象表征, 图式表征, 图像表征

Abstract: Visualization representations played an important role in the course of algebra story problems solving. There were primarily four visualization representation theories: visual-logic two dimensional theories, interpret-transform model, imagery representation theory and schema-picture representation theory, all of which were of its own unique methodological values. The visualization representations were affected by stimulating factors: the degree of visualization, cognitive loading as well as cognitive factors: self-efficacy. Finally, based on recent researches, the paper pointed out the advancement and the trends of development of theory, methods and influential factors in this area.

Key words: algebra story problems, visualization representation, image representation, pictorial representation, schema representation