ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 465-475.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00465

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

催产素对不安全依恋者人际适应性的影响

王天宇, 陈旭()   

  1. 西南大学心理学部, 重庆 400175
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-28 出版日期:2020-03-15 发布日期:2020-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 陈旭 E-mail:chenxu@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(批准号:31771232);重庆市人文社会科学重点研究基地重点项目(批准号:18SKB016);中央高校学生项目(SWU1909569)

Effects of oxytocin on interpersonal adaptability among insecurely attached individuals

WANG Tianyu, CHEN Xu()   

  1. Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2019-03-28 Online:2020-03-15 Published:2020-01-18
  • Contact: Xu CHEN E-mail:chenxu@swu.edu.cn

摘要:

催产素被誉为“爱的荷尔蒙”, 与依恋有着密切关系。以往研究已证明不同来源的催产素对不安全依恋者的人际适应性会产生不同的影响, 主要表现为内源性催产素水平越低, 不安全依恋者的人际适应性越差; 外源性催产素增强了依恋回避个体的人际适应性, 但降低了高依恋焦虑个体的人际适应性; A、G等位基因与不安全依恋者的人际适应性有关。此外还借助依恋理论和社会显著假说解释了上述影响, 不安全依恋者的防御性排斥、环境因素和个体差异调节了催产素的效应。未来应比较催产素受体基因与不安全依恋者人际适应性关系的差异, 催产素影响不安全依恋者人际适应性的性别差异问题, 并在人际互动过程中研究催产素对不安全依恋者人际适应性的影响, 以增强催产素研究的生态效度。

关键词: 催产素, 不安全依恋, 人际适应性, 社会显著假说, 防御性排斥

Abstract:

Oxytocin is known as the "hormone of love" and is closely associated with attachment. Previous studies have proved that oxytocin from different sources has different effects on the interpersonal adaptability of individuals with insecure attachment, mainly shown in the following ways that the lower levels of endogenous oxytocin, the worse the interpersonal adaptibility among insecurely attached individuals; Exogenous oxytocin enhanced the interpersonal adaptability among avoidantly attached individuals, but reduced the interpersonal adaptability among individuals with high anxious attachment scores; A and G Alleles were associated with interpersonal adaptibility among insecurely attached individuals. In addition, attachment theory and the social salience hypothesis are also used to explain the above effects. Defensive exclusion, external contextual factors and individual differences are also play a regulatory role that cannot be ignored. We should compare the differences between the oxytocin receptor gene and the interpersonal adaptability among insecurely attached individuals in the future. Moreover, the effects of oxytocin may have gender differences on interpersonal adaptability among individuals with insecure attachment. However, till now there are few related study focused the above question, thus it deserved to be discussed more in the future. In order to enhance the ecological validity of oxytocin related researches, future researches focused on the effects of oxytocin on the interpersonal adaptability of insecurely attached individuals should be continued studying in the process of interpersonal interaction.

Key words: oxytocin, insecure attachment, interpersonal adaptability, the social salience hypothesis, defensive exclusion