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心理科学进展  2019, Vol. 27 Issue (4): 711-725    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00711
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矛盾视角下调节焦点在领导力领域的应用
张宏宇1,李文1,郎艺2()
1中央财经大学商学院, 北京 100081
2北京外国语大学国际商学院, 北京 100089
Regulatory focus in leadership research: From the perspective of paradox theory
ZHANG Hongyu1,LI Wen1,LANG Yi2()
1 Business School, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
2 International Business School, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Beijing 100089, China
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摘要 

根据调节焦点理论, 个体在追求目标和选择行动策略的过程中存在两种调节焦点:促进型调节焦点的个体以利益最大化为目标, 倾向用“接近式”的方式达成目标; 防御型调节焦点的个体以损失最小化为目标, 倾向用“避免式”的方式达成目标。近年来, 调节焦点理论在领导力领域的研究中得到了广泛应用, 但关于两种调节焦点之间的关系及两者共同作用的研究却十分稀少。在回顾调节焦点在领导力领域研究的应用现状的基础上, 本文指出了矛盾视角的必要性和可行性, 并基于矛盾理论, 提出了未来研究的发展方向。

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张宏宇
李文
郎艺
关键词 调节焦点领导力矛盾理论    
Abstract

People generally have two kinds of regulatory focus, i.e., motivational orientations, which are promotion focus and prevention focus. Regulatory focus influences individuals’ choices of goals (promotion focus sensitizes individuals to maximizing gains, whereas prevention focus sensitizes individuals to minimizing losses), and directs their attention toward different action preferences (promotion focus directs individuals’ attentions toward “approach” style, whereas prevention focus directs individuals’ attentions toward “avoidance” style). Regulatory focus theory has been widely applied in the leadership research, but one of the important yet seldom studied questions is the relationship between two regulatory foci and their joint impacts. By integrating the paradox perspective, the current study points out the importance and feasibility to study the “profile” of two regulatory foci and their joint influence.

Key wordsregulatory focus    leadership    paradox theory
收稿日期: 2018-01-18      出版日期: 2019-02-22
ZTFLH:  B849:C93  
基金资助:* 国家自然科学基金青年项目“‘求有功’还是‘求无过’:CEO调节焦点的前因及结果变量研究”(71502186);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金“中国情境中的矛盾领导力研究”(QL18011);中央财经大学科研创新项目和中央财经大学商学院重点支持科研方向资助
通讯作者: 郎艺     E-mail: langyi@bfsu.edu.cn
引用本文:   
张宏宇,李文,郎艺. (2019). 矛盾视角下调节焦点在领导力领域的应用. 心理科学进展, 27(4), 711-725.
ZHANG Hongyu,LI Wen,LANG Yi. (2019). Regulatory focus in leadership research: From the perspective of paradox theory. Advances in Psychological Science, 27(4), 711-725.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00711      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2019/V27/I4/711
促进焦点 防御焦点
需求层次 成长和自我实现需要 安全需要
核心关注点 我将得到什么 我将失去什么
期望的目标状态 成长、进步和有所突破 稳定、安全和责任
自我导向 理想自我导向 应该自我导向
结果敏感
倾向
“获取” vs. “没有获取” “失去” vs. “没有失去”
目标导向 最大化“获取” 最大化“没有失去”
担心侧重点 错过 错误
情绪 从高兴到沮丧 从不安到平静
  促进焦点和防御焦点的比较
  领导调节焦点的作用机制和激活情境
使用量表 文章作者 相关性
工作情境调节焦点量表
(Regulatory Focus at Work Scale; Wallace & Chen, 2006)
Aryee & Hsiung, 2016 0.53**
Wallace & Chen, 2006 0.01
工作调节焦点量表
(Work Regulatory Focus Scale; Neubert et al., 2008)
Li et al., 2014 0.05
Shin, Kim, Choi, & Lee, 2016 0.15
Ahmadi et al., 2017 0.25*
Chen, Wen & Ye, 2017 0.08
Park, Kim, & Sung, 2017 0.37**
调节焦点问卷
(Regulatory Focus Questionnaire; Higgins et al., 2001)
Hamstra, Van Yperen et al., 2014 0.08
Kammerlander, Burger, Fust, & Fueglistaller, 2015 -0.08
一般调节焦点量表
(General Regulatory Focus Scale; Lockwood et al., 2002)
De Jong & De Goede, 2015 0.37
Gamache et al., 2015 -0.10
Sacramento, Fay& West, 2013 0.35**
Schuh et al., 2016 0.13
  促进焦点与防御焦点相关性的实证结果总结
  矛盾视角下领导者调节焦点的表现形式
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