ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2003, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (05): 567-572.

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  1. 北京大学心理学系,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2002-10-05 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2003-09-15 发布日期:2003-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 甘怡群

Review of Foreign Studies on What Causes Job Burnout

Wang Xiaochun,Gan Yiqun   

  1. Department of Psychology, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:2002-10-05 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2003-09-15 Published:2003-09-15
  • Contact: Gan Yiqun

摘要: 文章回顾了国外关于工作倦怠的相关研究,全文分四部分进行介绍。第一部分介绍其概念以及相关量表;第二部分对工作倦怠方面研究的发展过程做一简介,主要涉及研究范围、研究方法和所关注的问题;第三部分介绍对工作倦怠产生影响的因素,分为工作特征和个体特征两方面的因素;第四部分补充介绍一些解释工作倦怠成因的理论模型。最后,文章在第五部分加以总结评述并对今后研究提出展望

关键词: 工作倦怠, 衰竭, 人格解体, 个人成就感丧失, 工作倦怠的影响因素

Abstract: In this review, foreign studies of causes of job burnout are reviewed in four parts. In the first part, the paper introduced the concept of job burnout and relevant questionnaires. Then it briefly introduced the development of research in job burnout. The third part reviewed the causes of burnout, which can be classified as work-related or individual factors. And the forth part discussed about some models explaining how burnout take places. Lastly, some summarization and evaluation are made, and prospect is put forward

Key words: job burnout, exhaustion, cynicism, decreased professional self-efficacy, causes of job burnout