ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 93-101.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00093

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

肢体运动信息如何在工作记忆中存储?

谢婷婷1, 王丽娟1(), 王天泽2   

  1. 1东北师范大学心理学院, 长春 130024
    2广西师范大学教育学部, 桂林 541006
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-06 出版日期:2021-01-15 发布日期:2020-11-23
  • 通讯作者: 王丽娟 E-mail:wanglj699@nenu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 教育部人文社科规划项目(1802123)

How is limb movement information stored in working memory?

XIE Tingting1, WANG Lijuan1(), WANG Tianze2   

  1. 1School of Psychology, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
    2Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541006, China
  • Received:2020-01-06 Online:2021-01-15 Published:2020-11-23
  • Contact: WANG Lijuan E-mail:wanglj699@nenu.edu.cn

摘要:

肢体运动(空间位置运动与身体模式运动)是个体与环境交互作用的重要途径。以往行为学和脑成像研究分别探讨了空间位置运动信息和身体模式运动信息的工作记忆存储问题, 发现两种肢体运动信息的存储均独立于语音环、视空间画板的视觉子系统, 需要视空间画板的空间子系统的参与; 两种肢体运动信息激活的脑区(运动相关皮层)独立于语音环、视空间画板的视觉子系统和空间子系统, 并存在差异。这表明, 现有的工作记忆多成分模型不能完全解释肢体运动信息的存储。据此可推论, 工作记忆系统中可能存在一个负责处理肢体运动信息的“肢体运动系统”, 其隶属于视空间画板, 与视觉子系统和空间子系统并存; 其激活脑区因肢体运动的不同而存在差异。

关键词: 肢体运动信息, 空间位置运动, 身体模式运动, 空间工作记忆, 运动相关皮层

Abstract:

Limb movements (movement to positions in space and body movement patterns) are one of the important ways individuals interact with their environment. Previous behavioral studies and neuroimaging studies explored the storage of information of movement to positions and body movement patterns information, respectively. They found that the storage of two kinds of limb movement information is independent of the phonological loop and the visual subsystem in the visuospatial sketchpad and needs the participation of the spatial subsystem in the visuospatial sketchpad; movement to positions in space and body movement patterns activate different movement-related cortexes that are independent of the phonological loop, the visual subsystem and the spatial subsystem in the visuospatial sketchpad. These results show that the existing multicomponent model of working memory cannot fully explain the storage of limb movement information. It is implied that there is a "limb movement system" in the working memory system that is specific to limb movement information, belongs to visuospatial sketchpad and coexists with the visual subsystem and spatial subsystem. The brain areas activated in the "limb movement system" vary with different kinds of limb movements.

Key words: body movement information, movement to positions in space, body movement patterns, spatial working memory, movement-related cortex

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