ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 19-30.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.00019

• 研究方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

信任博弈范式真的能测量信任吗?

贡喆1, 唐玉洁1, 刘昌2()   

  1. 1四川师范大学心理学院, 成都 610068
    2南京师范大学心理学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-13 出版日期:2021-01-15 发布日期:2020-11-23
  • 通讯作者: 刘昌 E-mail:liuchang@njnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 四川省心理健康教育研究中心一般项目(XLJKJY2016B)

Can trust game measure trust?

GONG Zhe1, TANG Yujie1, LIU Chang2()   

  1. 1School of Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
    2School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2020-02-13 Online:2021-01-15 Published:2020-11-23
  • Contact: LIU Chang E-mail:liuchang@njnu.edu.cn

摘要:

信任博弈范式测量信任的有效性一直存在争议。一方面, 社会偏好与风险偏好可能在范式变动中对投资信任水平产生影响, 降低信任博弈的内部效度。另一方面, 信任博弈与量表信任的相关水平较低, 这可能和态度与行为差异、测量类型差异以及测量范式的不足有关。虽然存在争议, 但总体而言, 信任博弈范式仍然是较为适宜的信任测量手段。未来信任博弈范式可在:验证信任博弈范式变动的科学性; 进一步澄清信任博弈范式与量表信任的低相关问题; 拓展信任博弈范式的测量维度以及提升信任博弈范式的生态效度等方面继续完善。

关键词: 信任, 信任博弈, 社会偏好, 风险偏好

Abstract:

Trust games were widely used as a classic paradigm of trust measurement. However, the accuracy of the results of the trust game had been questioned by scholars in the field all the time, making precise trust measurement an important topic for exploration. The controversy mainly includes the following two aspects. On the one hand, the appropriateness of the trust game paradigm has yet to be verified. The controversy over paradigm changes further reveals that social preferences and risk preferences might have an impact on the level of investment trust, thereby reducing the internal validity of the trust game. On the other hand, the correlation between the level of the investment trust in trust games and the trust measured by the survey is very low, which can be explained by differences in attitudes and behaviours, differences in measurement types, and the limitations of trust measured by the survey and trust game. Although trust game face with some controversy, in general, it is still a suitable method for trust measuring. Future research should focus on the following points: Verifying the scientificity of the changes in the paradigm of trust game; Clarifying the low correlation between trust game and trust measured by survey; Expanding the measurement dimensions of trust game; Improving the ecological validity of trust game.

Key words: trust, trust game, social preference, risk preference

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