ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (9): 1551-1563.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01551

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


陈国典, 杨通平()   

  1. 四川师范大学心理学院, 成都 610068
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-28 出版日期:2020-09-15 发布日期:2020-07-24
  • 通讯作者: 杨通平
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社会科学基金项目资助(16BMZ044)

The influence of mindfulness on intimate relationships

CHEN Guodian, YANG Tongping()   

  1. School of Psychology, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu 610068, China
  • Received:2019-04-28 Online:2020-09-15 Published:2020-07-24
  • Contact: YANG Tongping


亲密关系中的正念, 是指个体有意识地关注可能影响关系的感觉或想法。由于其有助于提高关系满意度并缓解关系冲突, 因而逐渐在理论和应用上受到关注。二元互动过程理论有助于在二元框架下理解正念影响亲密关系的过程和结果, 研究者通常采用测量法、实验诱导法和正念干预探究正念对亲密关系的影响。鉴于正念干预对亲密关系具有防护和补救功能,因此被应用于相对幸福、面临挑战和陷入危机等不同关系状态。未来的研究可根据关系的阶段特征和可能的反向作用建构理论; 根据亲密关系的二元互动和阶段特点, 从多维、动态发展的视角界定概念, 通过互评法和观察编码法进行测量; 采用更严谨的设计明确干预效果; 并且关注潜在的消极影响。

关键词: 亲密关系, 正念, 冥想, 干预


Mindfulness in an intimate relationship indicates the conscious attention to feelings or thoughts paid by individuals that may affect the relationship. It has gradually attracted academic attention in theory and applications research because of its contributions to improve relationship satisfaction and buffer conflicts. The theoretical framework of interaction patterns between partners helps to understand the process and outcomes of intimate relationships at the level of the dyad. Researchers usually use self-report questionnaires, laboratory-based inductions and mindfulness interventions to explore the effects of mindfulness on intimate relationships. Since mindfulness intervention has a protective and remedial function for intimate relationships, it is applied to different relationship states such as relative happiness, facing challenges, and falling into crisis. Future research consists of four aspects. Firstly, constructing the theory based on the staged characteristics and possible reverse effects; secondly, conceptualizing the theoretical definition from multi-dimensional as well as dynamic perspective by relying on the interaction pattern and staged characteristics of the intimate relationship following by the measurement through the mutual evaluation or observational coding; thirdly, using robust designs to clarify the effects of interventions and finally paying attention to potential adverse effects.

Key words: intimate relationships, mindfulness, meditation, intervention