ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 1172-1186.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01172

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


范晓壮, 毕小彬, 谢宇, 贺荟中()   

  1. 华东师范大学教育学部特殊教育学系, 华东师范大学自闭症研究中心, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-19 出版日期:2020-07-15 发布日期:2020-05-21
  • 通讯作者: 贺荟中
  • 基金资助:
    * 上海市教育委员会科研创新计划人文科学重大项目(2019-01-07-00-05-E00007);上海市哲学社会科学规划课题(2018BYY017);江苏省教育科学“十三五”规划课题(2016-ZX0107-00028);江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究基金项目(2017SJB0639)

Attention bias toward threatening emotional faces in individuals with high-functioning autism

FAN Xiaozhuang, BI Xiaobin, XIE Yu, HE Huizhong()   

  1. Autism Research Center, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2019-04-19 Online:2020-07-15 Published:2020-05-21
  • Contact: Huizhong HE


高功能自闭症(High-Functioning Autism, HFA)个体智力正常, 但也面临着严重的社会功能障碍。对威胁性情绪面孔的注意偏向与HFA个体社会功能的发展密切相关。梳理相关研究发现, HFA个体在自动加工阶段和情绪目标参与阶段, 不存在威胁性情绪面孔注意偏向; 而在任务与情绪无关的控制加工阶段, 存在威胁性情绪面孔注意偏向。针对HFA个体威胁性情绪面孔注意偏向的理论解释主要有杏仁核理论、强烈世界理论和执行功能理论等。神经生理机制方面, HFA个体对威胁性情绪面孔的注意偏向可能与其异常的皮下及皮层通路功能有关, 同时可能会受5-羟色胺系统基因及催产素水平等的影响。未来研究可在综合考虑研究方法及个体因素的基础上, 进一步探究其加工特征及神经生物机制, 着力开发科学有效的干预策略。

关键词: 高功能, 自闭症, 威胁性, 情绪面孔, 注意偏向


High-functioning autism (HFA) is a term commonly used to identify patients with autism spectrum disorder who have average or above average intellectual abilities but also face severe social dysfunctions. Attention bias towards threatening emotional faces is closely related to the development of social function in individuals with HFA. By reviewing the related research, the authors found that individuals with HFA do not have threatening emotional face attention bias during the automatic processing stage or emotional target participation stage; however, in the control processing stage, where tasks are unrelated to emotions, they demonstrate threatening emotional face attention bias. The theoretical explanations for this threatening emotional face attention bias in individuals with HFA mainly include the Amygdala theory of autism, Intense world theory, and Executive function theory. In terms of neurophysiological mechanisms, it may be related to their abnormal subcutaneous and cortical pathway functions and may be affected by serotonin system genes and oxytocin levels. Based on a comprehensive consideration of research methods and individual factors, future research can further explore the relevant processing characteristics and neuro-biological mechanisms and make efforts to develop scientific and effective intervention strategies.

Key words: high-functioning autism (HFA), threatening, emotional faces, attention bias