ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 681-691.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00681

• 研究构想 •    下一篇

行为贫困陷阱的心理机制与管理对策:基于认知与动机双视角

徐富明1, 黄龙2,3(), 张慧4, 相鹏5(), 刘腾飞6, 李亚红7   

  1. 1 南宁师范大学教育科学学院, 南宁 530299
    2 皖南医学院人文与管理学院, 芜湖 341002
    3 江西师范大学心理学院, 南昌 330022
    4 华中科技大学社会学院, 武汉 430074
    5 南京财经大学法学院, 南京 210023
    6 广东医科大学人文与管理学院, 东莞 523808
    7 中南民族大学教育学院, 武汉 430074
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-09 出版日期:2020-04-26 发布日期:2020-03-27
  • 通讯作者: 黄龙,相鹏 E-mail:longhuang19@126.com;xiangxiaoke@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金面上项目(71971103, 71571083);江西省社会科学“十三五”(2018规划项目18JY10);江西省高校人文社会科学研究2018年度项目(XL18103)

Psychological mechanisms and management strategies of behavioral poverty trap: Based on the dual perspectives of cognition and motivation

XU Fu-ming1, HUANG Long2,3(), ZHANG Hui4, XIANG Peng5(), LIU Teng-fei6, LI Ya-hong7   

  1. 1 School of Education Science, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530299, China
    2 School of Humanities and Management, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu 341002, China
    3 School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
    4 School of Sociology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
    5 School of Law, Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, Nanjing 210023, China;
    6 School of Humanities and Management, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan 523808, China
    7 School of Education, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China
  • Received:2019-09-09 Online:2020-04-26 Published:2020-03-27
  • Contact: Long HUANG,Peng XIANG E-mail:longhuang19@126.com;xiangxiaoke@163.com

摘要:

借鉴行为经济学家开创的应用行为决策于贫困研究的新范式, 选取我国“连片特困地区”的贫困者为研究对象。首先建构“认知和动机双视角的行为贫困陷阱”的立论模型; 然后通过“贫困所致认知后果影响后继决策行为的心理机制和神经机制”, 以及“贫困所致认知和动机后果共同影响后继决策行为的作用机制”来探索贫困所致心理后果与后继决策行为间的因果效应; 最后进行“贫困所致认知功能改变影响后继决策行为的随机控制实验”和“贫困所致自我认同改变影响后继决策行为的现场干预研究”, 旨在通过“扶志和扶智”达到“授人以渔”, 并从中提炼出可供扶贫政策参考的管理对策。

关键词: 贫困, 行为贫困陷阱, 行为决策, 认知, 动机

Abstract:

This project aims to investigate psychological mechanisms of behavioral poverty trap in China, and hence put forward corresponding risk management strategies. For this purpose, we intend to draw on the new research paradigm in poverty study, which is initiated by behavioral economists, and recruit residents who live in extreme poor areas as participants. First, a framework concerning both the cognitive and motivational base of behavioral poverty trap is proposed as empirical and theoretical route of this project. Second, we analyze how cognitive outcomes of poverty psychologically and neurally affect subsequent decision behavior, as well as how both cognitive and motivational outcomes of poverty jointly influence subsequent decision behavior. In addition, the casual effect of psychological outcomes caused by poverty on subsequent decision behavior is empirically examined. Third, we further conduct randomized controlled experiments to understand the influence of cognitive changes caused by poverty on subsequent decision behavior, as well as field intervention studies to test the effect of self-identity changes caused by poverty on subsequent decision behavior. Based on these empirical researches, management strategies for poverty alleviation are discussed.

Key words: poverty, behavioral poverty trap, behavioral decision making, cognition, motivation

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