ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 661-672.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00661

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

心理健康服务的文化胜任力:理论取向与实践策略

陈子晨(), 姜鹤   

  1. 南开大学周恩来政府管理学院社会心理学系, 天津 300350
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-14 出版日期:2020-04-15 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 陈子晨 E-mail:chenzc@nankai.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    天津市哲学社会科学规划项目(TJJXQN18-001)

Cultural competence in mental health services: Theoretical orientations and practical strategies

CHEN Zichen(), JIANG He   

  1. Department of Social Psychology, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Online:2020-04-15 Published:2020-02-24
  • Contact: Zichen CHEN E-mail:chenzc@nankai.edu.cn

摘要:

心理健康服务的文化胜任力随着欧美对多元文化群体的重视而逐渐发展起来。该领域存在两种不同的理论取向及相应的实践策略。内容取向关注静态的、结构化的文化胜任力; 过程取向则关注动态的、非结构化的文化胜任力。两种取向的异同体现了文化胜任力的研究和实践中对文化特异性和普遍性因素的平衡。在此基础上, 本文最后讨论了如何参考国外经验, 立足中国现实问题和加强社会心理服务体系建设的大背景, 来发展中国的文化胜任力。

关键词: 文化胜任力, 心理健康服务, 心理咨询, 心理治疗, 多元文化主义

Abstract:

The cultural competence of mental health services has gradually developed as increasing attention has been paid to the cultural diversity of Europe and North America. There exist two differing theoretical orientations with similar practice strategies. The content-oriented approach emphasizes static, structured cultural competence, while the process-oriented approach stresses dynamic, unstructured cultural competence. The similarities and difficulties of the two orientations are manifestations of a balance between cultural specificity and generality in the studies and practices of cultural competence. The paper finally explores how to promote cultural competence in China based on experiences abroad and Chinese realities within the context of improving the system of public psychological services.

Key words: cultural competence, mental health services, counselling, psychotherapy, multiculturalism

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