ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 626-637.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00626

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

个体依恋特征的二重性:特质性依恋与状态性依恋

贾成龙1, 刘廷廷2, 孙莉1, 秦金亮1()   

  1. 1 浙江师范大学, 杭州幼儿师范学院, 杭州 311231
    2 杭州笕新第二幼儿园, 杭州 310016
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-25 出版日期:2020-04-15 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 秦金亮 E-mail:qjlzjnu@126.com

The duality of attachment pattern: Trait attachment and state attachment

JIA Chenglong1, LIU Tingting2, SUN Li1, QIN Jinliang1()   

  1. 1 Hangzhou College of Early Childhood Teacher’s Education, Zhejiang Normal University, Hangzhou 311231, China;
    2 Hangzhou Jianxin No.2 Kindergarten, Hangzhou 310016, China
  • Received:2019-03-25 Online:2020-04-15 Published:2020-02-24
  • Contact: Jinliang QIN E-mail:qjlzjnu@126.com

摘要:

传统依恋理论认为个体依恋心理和行为模式具有相对稳定性, 但无论在信息加工还是个体发展过程中, 个体依恋模式均表现出二重性, 即既具有相对稳定性, 又具有情境敏感性。个体在情境中所表现出的依恋模式是个体相对稳定的特质性依恋和情境特征相互作用的结果。依恋启动研究中特质性依恋特征与依恋启动效应之间的交互作用模式为理解依恋二重特征及其关系提供了窗口。依恋系统激活的两阶段模型为整合和解释这些相互作用模式提供了框架。未来研究应优化依恋二重特征关系研究中启动效应的操作检验, 考虑依恋焦虑和回避维度的交互作用, 关注高焦虑群体内的依恋差异, 以理析依恋二重特征之间的相互作用方式, 同时关注依恋策略影响依恋启动效应的时间进程, 探究依恋二重特征相互作用的机制。

关键词: 依恋, 依恋启动, 特质性依恋, 状态性依恋

Abstract:

Traditional attachment theory suggests that an individual’s attachment-related psychological and behavioral patterns are relatively stable. However, from information processes or life-span development perspective, attachment patterns have trait-state duality, i.e. attachment patterns are both relatively stable and context-sensitive. An individual’s attachment pattern in a particular context is the consequence of his or her trait attachment and contextual feature interactions. The interaction patterns between trait attachment and attachment priming effects provide a window to understand the duality of attachment and their relationships. And the two-stages model of attachment activation offers a framework for integrating and understanding these patterns. Future studies should optimize the manipulation check of attachment priming, meanwhile, take the interaction between attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety in consideration. More attention should be paid to the individual differences in the high attachment anxiety group which may clarify the patterns of interaction between trait and state attachment. Moreover, the time course of how attachment coping strategies impact the effects of attachment priming should be concerned, which could reveal the mechanism of the interactions between trait and state attachment.

Key words: attachment, attachment priming, trait attachment, state attachment

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