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心理科学进展  2020, Vol. 28 Issue (4): 604-611    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00604
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元认知中自信心对联合决策的预测作用
张紫琦1,贺则宇1,罗文波1(),伍海燕2()
1 辽宁师范大学脑与认知神经科学研究中心, 大连 116029
2 中国科学院心理研究所, 北京 100101
The predictive effect of metacognitive confidence on joint decision making
ZHANG Ziqi1,HE Zeyu1,LUO Wenbo1(),WU Haiyan2()
1 Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Neuroscience, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
2 Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要 

元认知通常指个体对自身认知活动的主观判断, 自信心作为其指标之一, 对个体认识和调节自己的行为有重要作用。研究表明自信心指标在联合研究过程中常见的任务类型涉及基础和高级心理加工过程, 此外, 自信心对联合决策的预测逐渐向基于计算模型的探索性参数变化。最后, 自信心的神经生理研究发现了前额叶皮层及其相关脑区和后顶叶皮层的重要性。今后应注重探索可能的预测参数和模型, 优化自信心对联合决策的预测作用。

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张紫琦
贺则宇
罗文波
伍海燕
关键词 元认知自信心联合决策    
Abstract

Metacognition refers to individual's subjective judgment about process of ongoing cognitive activities. As one of the indicators reflecting metacognitive sensitivity, confidence plays an important role in the individual's understanding and adjustment of one’s own behaviors. Studies have shown that the common task types in self-confidence indicators involve basic and advanced mental processing. In addition, the prediction of self-confidence on joint decision making gradually changes from confidence itself to exploratory prediction parameters based on computational models. Finally, neurophysiological research on confidence has verified the importance of prefrontal cortex (PFC) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC). In order to optimize the predictive function of confidence, future research should explore other complementary computational models related to confidence in decision-making process.

Key wordsmetacognition    confidence    joint decision
收稿日期: 2019-06-18      出版日期: 2020-02-24
PACS:  B842  
基金资助:国家自然科学基金项目(31871106);国家自然科学基金项目(U1736125)
通讯作者: 罗文波,伍海燕     E-mail: wenbo9390@sina.com;wuhy@psych.ac.cn
引用本文:   
张紫琦,贺则宇,罗文波,伍海燕. (2020). 元认知中自信心对联合决策的预测作用. 心理科学进展, 28(4), 604-611.
ZHANG Ziqi,HE Zeyu,LUO Wenbo,WU Haiyan. (2020). The predictive effect of metacognitive confidence on joint decision making. Advances in Psychological Science, 28(4), 604-611.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00604      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2020/V28/I4/604
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