ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 434-442.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00434

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

文学阅读如何影响读者的心理理论

陈丽娟, 徐晓东()   

  1. 南京师范大学外国语学院, 南京 210097
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-11 出版日期:2020-03-15 发布日期:2020-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 徐晓东 E-mail:412alix@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社科基金项目“汉英违实语义加工的认知及神经机制研究”(18BYY085)

How does literature reading affect readers’ Theory of Mind?

CHEN Lijuan, XU Xiaodong()   

  1. School of Foreign Languages and Cultures, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210097, China
  • Received:2019-06-11 Online:2020-03-15 Published:2020-01-18
  • Contact: Xiaodong XU E-mail:412alix@gmail.com

摘要:

文学阅读不但能提高读者的文学修养, 还能影响其心理状态。然而, 文学阅读经验是否一定能提高读者的心理理论仍然存有争议。近年来有关文学阅读与心理理论关系的实验性探讨不断增加。鉴于此, 作者从文本体裁、测量手段和个体差异角度分析了争议产生的原因。在此基础之上, 归纳了文学阅读影响心理理论的潜在机制, 即镜像神经系统和默认网络很可能是文学阅读促进心理理论提高的重要神经基础。

关键词: 文学阅读, 心理理论, 叙述视角, 共情

Abstract:

Literature reading can not only improve readers' literary accomplishment, but also affect their psychological and cognitive states. However, although an increasing number of experimental studies have been carried out, the question of whether the literature exposure can improve reader's Theory of Mind (ToM) still remains unsolved. To this end, we review recent experimental studies of the relationship between literary reading and ToM, and analyzes the reasons underlying the inconsistency from the perspective of text genre and individual differences. On this basis, the potential mechanism underlying the influence of literary reading on ToM abilities is proposed: the Mirror Neuron system and the Default Network are possibly to be the crucial neural basis.

Key words: literature reading, Theory of Mind, narrative perspective, empathy