ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 426-433.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00426

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

手势认知功能研究的新视角:“空间化”手势假设

于文华1, 鲁忠义2()   

  1. 1 河北师范大学学前教育学院
    2 河北师范大学教育学院心理系, 石家庄 050024
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-20 出版日期:2020-03-15 发布日期:2020-01-18
  • 通讯作者: 鲁忠义 E-mail:zhongyilu@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31271111)

A new perspective on the cognitive function of gestures: The “spatializing” gesture hypothesis

YU Wenhua1, LU Zhongyi2()   

  1. 1 College of Preschool Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
    2 Department of Psychology, College of Education, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050024, China
  • Received:2018-09-20 Online:2020-03-15 Published:2020-01-18
  • Contact: Zhongyi LU E-mail:zhongyilu@126.com

摘要:

人类在说话或思考的时候常常伴随着手势。手势是在认知加工或交流过程中自动产生的, 具有表征性, 同时, 手势能够影响人类的认知加工。尽管研究者对手势的概念界定各有侧重, 但普遍认为手势不同于直接行动, 具有认知功能。手势认知功能的代表性理论模型有词汇索引模型、信息打包假设、表象保持理论、语义特殊性假设和嵌入/延展观。根据手势认知功能研究中主要自变量的不同, 可以把手势认知功能分成三种不同的研究范式, 即允许-限制手势的研究范式、侧重手势模式改变的研究范式、侧重情境改变的研究范式。今后值得关注的研究方向除了深入探讨手势认知功能的神经机制、加强对手势认知功能的干预研究外, 提出了建立更具解释力的手势认知功能的理论模型——“空间化”手势假设。

关键词: 手势, 认知功能, 词汇索引, 信息打包, 具身认知

Abstract:

Human beings often make gestures when talking or thinking. Gestures are generated automatically during cognitive processing or communication, and as representations, they in turn affect human cognitive processing. Although researchers have different emphasis on the concept of gestures, it is generally believed that gestures are different from direct actions and have internal and external cognitive functions. Seminal theoretical models include Lexical Index Model, Information Packing Hypothesis, Image Maintenance Theory, Semantic Specificity Hypothesis and Embodied/Extended Perspective. According to the main independent variables, the research paradigms fall into three categories, namely, allow-and-limit gestures, the change of gesture patterns, and changes of situation. In addition to in-depth study of the neural mechanism of cognitive functions of gestures and their intervention research, this paper proposes a theoretical model with more explanatory power - the "Spatializing" Gesture Hypothesis.

Key words: gestures, cognitive function, lexical index, information package, embodied cognition