ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 316-328.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00316

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

积极接触与消极接触对群际关系的影响

赵鹤宾, 王昌成, 夏勉(), 王旭杰   

  1. 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 华中师范大学心理学院, 湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室, 武汉 430079
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-06 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 夏勉 E-mail:xiamian@mail.ccnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社科基金重大招标项目(16ZDA232)

The effects of positive contact and negative contact on intergroup relations

ZHAO Hebin, WANG Changcheng, XIA Mian(), WANG Xujie   

  1. Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, Wuhan 430079, China
  • Received:2018-12-06 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Mian XIA E-mail:xiamian@mail.ccnu.edu.cn

摘要:

群际接触研究中存在的“积极偏向”阻碍了对群际接触的全面认知, 因而, 近年来消极接触开始被纳入研究之列。当前的积极接触和消极接触研究以问卷法为主, 另外还涉及内容分析、社会网络分析以及实验法。积极接触和消极接触分别会提升和恶化群际关系, 群际情绪、群际信任在其中起中介作用, 权威主义、亲密性起调节作用。在积极接触效应和消极接触效应的关系上, 存在不对称性检验和交互作用检验两种研究思路, 并均得到了实证研究证据的支持。未来研究需要进一步考察不同效价接触, 尤其是消极接触的泛化效应, 拓展积极接触和消极接触的效应范围, 完善积极接触和消极接触的作用机制, 并进一步探索影响积极接触和消极接触不对称性效应的因素。

关键词: 积极接触, 消极接触, 积极偏向, 不对称效应, 交互效应

Abstract:

Considering the fact that there is a ‘positive bias’ in previous intergroup contact research, negative contact has also been taken into consideration simultaneously. Currently, questionnaire, content analysis, social network analysis and experiment are the four main research methods used in research considering both positive and negative contact. It is demonstrated that positive contact and negative contact exerted positive and negative effects on intergroup relations respectively, which were mediated by intergroup emotion and intergroup trust, and moderated by authoritarianism and intimacy. On the relationship between positive and negative contact effects, two kinds of research ideas were employed, that is, asymmetry and interaction, both of which were supported by empirical evidence. In future research, it is necessary to examine the generalization effects of different valenced contact, especially negative contact, expand the effect scope of positive and negative contact, perfect the mechanism of positive and negative contact, and further explore the factors that affect the asymmetric effect of positive and negative contact.

Key words: positive contact, negative contact, positive bias, asymmetry effect, interaction effect

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