ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 294-304.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00294

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

消极身体意象对青少年的负面影响

史攀1, 黄于飞1, 张翰之1, 冷雪晨1, 陈红1,2()   

  1. 1 西南大学心理学部
    2 认知与人格教育部重点实验室, 重庆 400715
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-18 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈红 E-mail:chenhg@swu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金项目(31771237);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金创新团队项目(SWU1709106)

Negative effect of negative body image on adolescents

SHI Pan1, HUANG Yufei1, ZHANG Hanzhi1, LENG Xuechen1, CHEN Hong1,2()   

  1. 1 School of Psychology, Southwest University
    2 Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Chongqing 400715, China
  • Received:2019-03-18 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Hong CHEN E-mail:chenhg@swu.edu.cn

摘要:

消极身体意象是青少年健康成长所面临的重要问题之一。了解消极身体意象对青少年的危害以及其形成的影响因素, 对于青少年群体身心健康发展具有重要意义。消极身体意象对青少年的负面影响主要包括自我概念、情绪体验、体重控制策略、饮食失调和社会生活五个方面; 并且青少年消极身体意象形成的影响因素主要有生物因素(BMI)、社会文化因素(父母、同伴和大众媒体)和心理因素(人格因素、认知方式)。未来可从以下几个方面进一步深入研究:(1) 基于生物-心理-社会模型的视角完善青少年身体意象发展的理论模型; (2) 考察社交媒体等新兴因素的作用; (3) 阐明青少年在加工身体相关信息时的认知特点; (4) 推进中国青少年消极身体意象本土化研究。

关键词: 消极身体意象, 青少年, 负面影响

Abstract:

Negative body image is one of the most important problems affecting adolescents’ healthy growth. Understanding the harm of negative body image to adolescents and its influencing factors is of great significance to the physical and mental health of adolescents. The negative effects of negative body image on adolescents mainly include five aspects: self-concept, emotional experience, weight control strategies, eating disorder and social life; and the main influencing factors of adolescents' negative body image formation are biological factors (BMI), sociocultural factors (parents, peers and mass media) and psychological factors (personality factor and cognitive style). Future research is needed to further (1) develop the theoretical model of adolescent body image development from the perspective of biopsychosocial model; (2) examine the role of emerging factors such as social media; (3) elucidate the cognitive processing characteristics of adolescents in processing body-related information; (4) accelerate the localization speed of negative body image amongst Chinese adolescents.

Key words: negative body image, adolescents, negative effect

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