ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 220-229.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00220

• 研究构想 • 上一篇    下一篇

辱虐管理的应对及预防:正念的自我调节作用

申传刚1,2, 杨璟3(), 胡三嫚1,2, 何培旭1,2, 李小新4   

  1. 1 华侨大学华商研究院
    2 华侨大学工商管理学院
    3 华侨大学旅游学院
    4 华侨大学心理健康教育中心, 福建 泉州 362021
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-07 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨璟 E-mail:jingpsy@hqu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金青年项目(71801097);福建省自然科学基金项目(2019J01068);华侨大学高层次人才启动项目(15SKBS202)

The role of mindfulness in coping with and preventing abusive supervision

SHEN Chuangang1,2, YANG Jing3(), HU Sanman1,2, HE Peixu1,2, LI Xiaoxin4   

  1. 1 Chinse Busines Research Institue, Huaqiao University
    2 Business School of Huaqiao University
    3 College of Tourism, Huaqiao University
    4 Center of Mental Health Education, Huaqiao University, Quanzhou 362021, China
  • Received:2019-05-07 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Jing YANG E-mail:jingpsy@hqu.edu.cn

摘要:

辱虐管理, 作为负性领导的典型代表, 对员工的心理、行为和绩效乃至组织的发展均会产生显著负性影响。因此, 如何有效应对和预防辱虐管理是学者和管理实践者共同关注的课题。基于自我调节理论, 以正念为切入点, 系统考察正念在员工应对辱虐管理负性影响以及预防上司辱虐管理行为发生中的作用。一方面, 采用情境实验、大样本问卷调查和干预实验检验员工正念和正念训练对上司辱虐管理影响员工负性情绪、偏差行为和绩效的调节作用; 另一方面, 采用日志研究考察上司正念对辱虐管理行为的抑制作用, 并进一步通过干预实验来验证上司正念训练不仅可以预防辱虐管理行为的发生, 而且还可以随之改善员工的负性情绪、偏差行为和绩效。预期研究成果将有助于深入理解正念在辱虐管理研究中的作用, 推进辱虐管理应对和预防研究的发展, 同时对组织制定相关的培训计划起到一定参考作用。

关键词: 辱虐管理, 正念, 负性情绪, 偏差行为, 绩效

Abstract:

Abusive supervision, as a typical example of negative leadership, has significant effects on employees’ mentality, behavior, and performance. Therefore, how to address and prevent abusive supervision has become a crucial topic in both academic and business discourse. Based on self-regulation theory, the current project aims to investigate the coping effects of employees’ mindfulness on the negative influence of abusive supervision and explore the preventative effects of supervisors’ mindfulness on their abusive behavior. Specifically, the project will test the moderation of employees’ mindfulness and a mindful-based intervention on the relationship between abusive supervision and employees’ negative emotion, deviance behavior, and performance; data will be collected through a situational experiment, a questionnaire investigation, and an intervention experiment. Furthermore, a diary study will be conducted to examine whether supervisors’ mindfulness can restrain their abusive behavior in the workplace, and a supervisor mindful-based intervention will consider the upper preventative effect and will explore any follow-up effects on subordinates’ emotion, deviance behavior, and performance. The findings of this project will improve the understanding of the role of mindfulness in abusive supervision research, promote research on coping with and preventing abusive supervision, and serve as references for organizational practices.

Key words: abusive supervision, mindfulness, negative emotion, deviance behavior, performance

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