ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 2097-2108.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02097

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

敌意解释偏向与攻击的关系

张丽华(), 苗丽   

  1. 辽宁师范大学心理学院, 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-22 出版日期:2019-12-15 发布日期:2019-10-21
  • 通讯作者: 张丽华 E-mail:zhanglihua7@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 辽宁省教育科学“十三五”规划一般课题(JG18CB405)

Hostile interpretation bias and aggression

ZHANG Li Hua(), MIAO Li   

  1. School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2019-04-22 Online:2019-12-15 Published:2019-10-21
  • Contact: Li Hua ZHANG E-mail:zhanglihua7@163.com

摘要:

敌意解释偏向是一种认知加工偏向, 指个体将模棱两可信息以敌意的方式进行解释的倾向, 它会对个体的攻击行为产生影响。攻击也会影响个体的敌意解释偏向:作为一种人格特质, 高攻击性使个体更容易产生敌意解释偏向; 作为一种行为反应, 攻击对敌意解释偏向具有发展和强化作用。敌意解释偏向和攻击之间可能存在循环关系。两者关系会受到性别、年龄以及人格特点等因素影响。未来研究需要改进敌意解释偏向与攻击的测量工具, 使测量更为直接、客观; 拓展两者不同亚类之间的交互研究, 以全面系统地了解两者之间的关系; 深入探究情绪在敌意解释偏向与攻击行为关系中的作用; 整合信息加工过程, 探究它们的交互作用对攻击行为的影响等。

关键词: 敌意解释偏向, 特质攻击, 攻击行为, 认知加工偏向

Abstract:

Hostile interpretation bias, a kind of cognitive processing bias, refers to the tendency to interpret ambiguous information as hostile, which can affect individual's aggressive behavior. Oppositely, aggression can affect individuals’ hostile interpretation bias. As a personality trait, high aggression makes individuals more prone to possess hostile interpretation bias. As a behavioral response, aggressive behavior develops and strengthens hostile interpretation bias. Thus there may be a cyclical relationship between hostile interpretation bias and aggression. In addition, the relationship is influenced by gender, age, personality characteristics and other factors. In future, measurement tools of hostile interpretation bias and aggression should be improved for more directive and objective measurement. The interaction research between different subtypes of hostile interpretation bias and aggression should be expanded to lead us understand their relationship comprehensively and systematically. The role of emotion in the relationship between hostile interpretation bias and aggressive behavior should be explored deeply. And the process of information should be integrated and the impact of their interaction on aggressive behavior should be explored.

Key words: hostile interpretation bias, trait aggression, aggressive behavior, cognitive processing bias

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