ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (10): 1687-1702.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01687

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境光照的认知功效及其调节因素与作用机理

汝涛涛1,2(), 李芸3, 钱柳3, 陈庆伟1,3, 钟罗金4, 李静华5, 周国富1,2()   

  1. 1华南师范大学, 国家绿色光电子国际联合研究中心, 广州 51000
    2华南师范大学, 华南先进光电子研究院, 广东省光信息材料与技术重点实验室&彩色动态电子纸显示技术研究所, 广州 510006
    3华南师范大学心理学院, 光与身心健康实验室, 广州 510631
    4华南师范大学基础教育与培训研究院, 广州 510631
    5肇庆华师大光电产业研究院, 智能照明与身心健康研究中心, 肇庆 526000
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-13 出版日期:2019-10-15 发布日期:2019-08-19
  • 通讯作者: 汝涛涛,周国富 E-mail:taotao.ru@scnu.edu.cn;guofu.zhou@m.scnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 广州市哲学社科规划2019年度“羊城青年学人”课题(2019GZQN19);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFB04 01202);广东省光信息材料与技术重点实验室(2017 B030301007);国家高等学校学科创新引智计划111引智基地项目和周国富云南专家工作站资助(2017IC011)

Acute cognitive effect of ambient light exposure and its moderators and underlying mechanism

RU Taotao1,2(), LI Yun3, QIAN Liu3, CHEN Qingwei1,3, ZHONG Luojin4, LI Jinghua5, ZHOU Guofu1,2()   

  1. 1National Center for International Research on Green Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    2Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Information Materials and Technology & Institute of Electronic Paper Displays, South China Academy of Advanced Optoelectronics, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, China
    3Lab of Light and Physio-psychological Health, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    4School of Professional Development and Research on Primary and Secondary Education, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
    5Research Center for Intelligent Lighting and Mental Health, International Academy of Optoelectronics at Zhaoqing, Zhaoqing 526000, China
  • Received:2018-04-13 Online:2019-10-15 Published:2019-08-19
  • Contact: Taotao RU,Guofu ZHOU E-mail:taotao.ru@scnu.edu.cn;guofu.zhou@m.scnu.edu.cn

摘要:

自人类视网膜上发现存在新型的内在光敏感神经节细胞以来, 环境光照对个体生理心理功能的非视觉作用备受研究者青睐, 其中环境光照对认知功能的非视觉作用结果并不十分一致且内在机理尚不明确。环境光照的认知功效会受到光学参数、光照模式、时间因素、个体差异以及任务特征等的共同调节。未来的研究需要从环境光对心理认知功能的作用模式, 动态办公照明系统的开发, 面向特殊群体的个性化照明以及光照非视觉作用产生的分子生物学机制等视角进行扩展和深化。

关键词: 环境光照, 非视觉作用, 认知功能, 生物节律

Abstract:

Since the discovery of the intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), an increasing number of studies on Non-image forming effects (NIF) of light revealed evidence for acute changes in the level of alertness, mood and cognitive performance during the biological night and day. Regarding the influence of ambient light on cognitive performance in healthy day-active people, however, studies have revealed even more equivocal findings. Light’s effect on cognition is moderated by many factors, chief among them are the parameters of light (intensity and spectrum), lighting pattern, timing (time of day and year), personality characteristics and the nature of the task. For future research should pay more attention to investigating the relationship between light level and performance with multiple manipulations of light, exploring dynamic lighting system, developing customized personalized luminaire and testing molecular biological mechanism of NIF effect of light.

Key words: ambient light, non-image forming effect, cognitive function, circadian rhythm

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