ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (7): 1183-1193.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.01183

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

1993至2016年医学生心理健康变迁的横断历史研究

辛素飞1(), 姜文源1, 辛自强2   

  1. 1 鲁东大学教育科学学院, 烟台 264011
    2 中央财经大学社会与心理学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-14 出版日期:2019-07-15 发布日期:2019-05-22
  • 通讯作者: 辛素飞 E-mail:xinsufei2005@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家社会科学基金重点项目(16AZD057);教育部人文社会科学研究青年基金项目(17YJC190026)

A cross-temporal meta-analysis of changes in medical college students’ mental health: 1993-2016

XIN Sufei1(), JIANG Wenyuan1, XIN Ziqiang2   

  1. 1 School of Education Science, Ludong University, Yantai 264011, China
    2 School of Sociology and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2018-09-14 Online:2019-07-15 Published:2019-05-22
  • Contact: Sufei XIN E-mail:xinsufei2005@163.com

摘要:

为考察我国医学生心理健康水平随年代的变迁趋势, 运用横断历史研究的方法, 对1993至2016年间181篇采用90项症状自评量表(SCL-90)测量医学生心理健康水平的研究报告(被试为129613名医学生)进行元分析。研究发现:(1)除恐怖因子外, SCL-90其余8个因子均与年代呈显著负相关, 这说明, 我国医学生的心理健康水平在逐年提升。(2)当年和5年前的2个社会指标(卫生总费用和注册医师数)与SCL-90的8个因子均值呈显著负相关, 说明这些社会指标可能是预测医学生心理健康水平的重要因素。(3)与男生相比, 女生心理健康水平的上升趋势更为明显, 但心理健康水平的性别差异并不显著。(4)医学新生心理健康水平的上升趋势要比非新生更明显和全面。

关键词: 医学生, 心理健康, SCL-90, 横断历史研究, 元分析

Abstract:

To investigate the changes of mental health status of medical college students in China, data from 181 papers were analyzed using the cross-temporal meta-analysis. The reporting data were collected from 1993 to 2016 (N = 129613), applying the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90). Results showed that: 1) With only one exception (the phobic anxiety dimension), scores of all other 8 symptom dimensions of SCL-90 were negatively correlated with year, which indicated that the mental health level of medical college students in China has been improved over the past 24 years; 2) Scores of these 8 symptom dimensions were negatively correlated with the level of two social indicators (total expenditure for health and number of registered physicians), which suggested that these two social indicators may be key predicting factors for the increase of mental health status of Chinese medical college students; 3) The increasing trend was slightly more salient with male students than with their female counterparts, however, the gender difference was not significant; 4) The increasing trend of mental health status was more salient and comprehensive with freshmen than with non-freshmen of medical college students in China.

Key words: medical college students, mental health, SCL-90, cross-temporal meta-analysis, meta-analysis

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