ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 926-936.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00926

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

宗教启动会使人更加道德吗?

饶婷婷1, 喻丰1(), 周爱钦2, 许丽颖1, 杨沈龙1()   

  1. 1 西安交通大学人文社会科学学院社会心理学研究所, 西安 710049
    2 清华大学经济管理学院, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-20 出版日期:2019-05-15 发布日期:2019-03-20
  • 通讯作者: 喻丰,杨沈龙 E-mail:yufengx@xjtu.edu.cn;yangsl@xjtu.edu.cn

Does religious priming make people better?

RAO Tingting1, YU Feng1(), ZHOU Aiqin2, XU Liying1, YANG Shenlong1()   

  1. 1 Institute of Social Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, 710049, China;
    2 School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China
  • Received:2018-08-20 Online:2019-05-15 Published:2019-03-20
  • Contact: Feng YU,Shenlong YANG E-mail:yufengx@xjtu.edu.cn;yangsl@xjtu.edu.cn

摘要:

通过启动被试的宗教信仰状态, 进而探讨宗教对个体道德的影响作用, 这是近年来宗教心理学研究的热点问题, 但是围绕此问题的研究结论并不统一。有研究发现, 宗教启动可以增强个体的道德。但也有研究表明宗教启动会使个体更不道德。宗教启动对道德的影响是通过宗教信念的中介作用而实现的, 被试的信仰类型、性别、实验启动的方式及内容、以及被试的人格倾向则会因为影响中介信念的激活而调节宗教启动与道德的关系。未来研究需要进一步创新启动实验研究方法, 探索影响宗教与道德的关系的调节变量, 结合跨文化、跨学科的研究视角, 更深入地挖掘这一问题。

关键词: 宗教, 道德, 启动

Abstract:

In recent years, multiple religious priming paradigms have been used to explore the relationship between religions and morality. It has been found that religious initiation, on the one hand, could promote people's prosocial behaviors and urge people to obey moral rules; on the other hand, it could also activate out-group prejudice and stimulate the hostility to groups with conflicting values. Existing research suggests that specific religious beliefs mediate the influence of religious priming on morality. Variables such as intrinsic religion, gender, the priming method and connotation of the stimuli, and some personality traits would serve as moderators influence the relationship between religion and morality because they may have influence on specific religious beliefs. Future research could further focus on methodological innovation as well as the exploration of other mediators and integrate more cross-religious and cross-cultural perspectives with interdisciplinary collaboration.

Key words: religion, morality, priming

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