ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 748-760.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00748

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    

攻击性驾驶行为的综合模型

李晓晨, 常若松, 马锦飞()   

  1. 辽宁师范大学心理学院, 大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-05 出版日期:2019-04-15 发布日期:2019-02-22
  • 通讯作者: 马锦飞 E-mail:majinfei666@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    * 辽宁省教育厅人文社科项目“驾驶员归因倾向对攻击性驾驶行为的影响”(W201683617);辽宁省博士科研启动基金项目“车载广播对汽车驾驶员警觉的影响机制研究”(201601242)

A comprehensive model of driver aggression

LI Xiaochen, CHANG Ruosong, MA Jinfei()   

  1. School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
  • Received:2018-04-05 Online:2019-04-15 Published:2019-02-22
  • Contact: Jinfei MA E-mail:majinfei666@126.com

摘要:

攻击性驾驶行为的综合模型(a comprehensive model of driver aggression)将“挫折-攻击”模型与一般攻击性模型相结合, 提出个人因素与情境因素对心理过程具有交互作用, 阐明了认知评估、情绪唤醒对攻击性驾驶行为的影响机制。该模型能很好解释在道路冲突中, 驾驶员的攻击性持续升级的原因, 以及为什么在道路攻击性驾驶行为事件中, “肇事者”和“受害者”的角色模糊不清, 这有助于更好地确定攻击性驾驶行为对交通事故和道路安全的影响, 对攻击性驾驶行为的对策研究具有重要价值。

关键词: 攻击性驾驶行为, 归因理论, “挫折-攻击”理论;, 一般攻击性模型, 综合模型

Abstract:

A comprehensive model of driver aggression is an integration of the "frustration-aggression" model and the general aggression model. It proposes that psychological processes could interact with personal factors and situational factors. Furthermore, influence mechanism of cognitive appraisals and emotional arousal on driver aggression clarified in this model. In simple terms, using this model has two advantages. First, it can help us to better understand the way that driver's aggression continues to escalate on the road. Second, it can better illustrate why the roles of perpetrator and victim become blurred In the case of aggressive road driving behavior. From what has been discussed above, this model can help us better determine the impact of aggressive driving behavior on traffic accidents and road safety. Finally, it is of great value to study the countermeasures of aggressive driving behavior.

Key words: driver aggression, attribution theory, "frustration-aggression" model, the general aggression model, a comprehensive model of driver aggression

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