ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 700-710.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.00700

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

不道德传染的心理机制及其影响

王悦1, 龚园超1,2,3, 李莹1()   

  1. 1郑州大学教育学院, 郑州 450001
    2中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室, 北京 100101
    3中国科学院大学心理学系, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-05 出版日期:2019-04-15 发布日期:2019-02-22
  • 通讯作者: 李莹 E-mail:liying@zzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    * 河南省哲学社会科学规划项目(2018BYY024);河南省教育厅人文社会科学项目(2018-ZZJH-Z527);河南省教师教育课程改革项目支持(2017-JSJYYB-037)

The mental mechanism of immoral contagion and its effects

WANG Yue1, GONG Yuanchao1,2,3, LI Ying1()   

  1. 1 School of Education, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
    2 Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    3 Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2018-06-05 Online:2019-04-15 Published:2019-02-22
  • Contact: Ying LI E-mail:liying@zzu.edu.cn

摘要:

不道德传染, 是指道德违法者作为传染源将消极道德品质直接传递给传染对象, 或先传递给道德中性物品, 再由此物品传递给受传染对象, 引起其情绪、认知、生理等方面变化的过程。本文主要讨论了不道德传染发生的心理机制——厌恶, 围绕不道德传染对道德心理领域(道德情绪以及道德认知过程)产生的影响进行梳理; 进而将视角拓宽到非道德层面, 如具身认知、组织管理以及人际互动, 探究其对人类社会的广泛影响。最后, 从不同文化视阈、不同个体差异、传染过程的动态神经机制及正向道德传染等方面为研究提供新的思路。

关键词: 不道德传染, 厌恶, 道德心理学, 非道德视角

Abstract:

Immoral contagion refers to the process where a moral transgressor as a source of contagion directly or with the help of a morally neutral agent indirectly transfers the negative moral essence to a target, causing emotional, cognitive or physiological changes. The present review aims to, firstly, clarify the mental mechanism under immoral contagion -- disgust, on the basis of which the impact immoral contagion has on the field of moral psychology (moral emotion and moral cognition) is illustrated; then we expand the perspective to embodied cognition, organization and management as well as interpersonal interaction in order to explore the universal impact of immoral contagion on human society. Finally, future research is guided toward cross-cultural comparison, personal differences, the neural mechanism of dynamic process of contagion and positive moral contagion for a more thorough understanding of moral contagion.

Key words: immoral contagion, disgust, moral psychology, non-moral perspective

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